Increased insulin sensitivity, also referred to as insulin resistance, is a complex disorder that can have a variety of causes. Obesity and poor eating habits are believed to be the most common causes of this disorder. Pregnancy, stress, and the use of some medications may also lead to increased insulin sensitivity in some people. Severe illness, infection, or a medical condition known as metabolic syndrome are also thought to contribute to the development of insulin resistance. Any questions or concerns about increased insulin sensitivity on an individual basis should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Obesity and unhealthy eating habits are common causes of increased insulin sensitivity, which is linked to certain types of diabetes in many people. Those who have an insulin sensitivity should be particularly careful to eat a well-balanced diet in order to prevent potential complications. Some people with this disorder may benefit from a low-carbohydrate or high-protein diet, although a doctor should always be consulted before making any sudden or dramatic dietary changes. Weight loss, proper exercise, and avoiding smoking are often helpful in treating this condition.
Stress and anxiety may trigger increased insulin sensitivity in those who are already prone to developing the condition. Relaxation techniques such as yoga, deep breathing, and meditation may help with these symptoms. Pregnant women may sometimes have insulin issues that need to be medically addressed during the pregnancy. These issues normally go away without any additional treatment after the baby is born.
Some medications have been known to trigger increased insulin sensitivity, often requiring periodic blood tests to check for problems. In some cases, the medication that triggers the symptoms of this disorder need to be changed. In other situations, additional medications may be given in order to combat the negative side effects. Severe infections or any type of serious illness may involve the development of this disorder.
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of several medical conditions, including high blood pressure, excess belly fat, and increased insulin sensitivity. Those with diabetes or other hormone imbalances may be at an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome. Without proper treatment, metabolic syndrome can lead to potentially fatal complications, such as stroke or heart attack. Dietary changes and lifestyle modification are frequently all that are needed to treat most underlying causes of increased insulin sensitivity, although prescription medications may also be needed in some of the more extreme cases.