A person who wants to become a mine surveyor will usually need to go to school to obtain a bachelor of science degree and complete some on-the-job training before applying for certification from an agency or professional organization that oversees mine surveyors. Career paths to become a mine surveyor vary, depending on where someone wants to practice, but usually require substantial training in math and science. Once a person has received all the qualifications, pay and benefits can increase significantly from those offered to employees in trainee positions.
In some regions, it is possible to become a mine surveyor through on-the-job experience. This can take a long time as a person works through a series of positions under the supervision of experienced and qualified surveyors. Employers may provide assistance with workshops and educational training. When the person has enough experience, she can sit for an examination to become a mine surveyor and work over other employees.
More commonly, people go to school. Some colleges, universities, and technical schools offer programs in mine surveying. Otherwise, people take courses like mathematics, geology, and architecture to gain a grasp of how mines work and to learn more about the design and safety considerations in mines. Once a student graduates, he can go to work for a mining company to get on-the-job experience. It is usually possible to take the mine surveyor exam with a degree and around two years of work experience.
Working as a mine surveyor can involve finding and mapping out new mines, working on expansion of existing facilities, addressing safety concerns with modifications to mines, and related activities. Many people in college and university seek internships to get some work experience while in school. This can also allow a person who intends to become a mine surveyor to establish professional connections. Companies may preferentially hire people with internship experience, and interning allows students to meet and establish working relationships with people active in the surveying community.
Once someone becomes fully qualified, continuing education and renewal certifications are also necessary. People may need to sit examinations again periodically to demonstrate that they are still safe and effective surveyors, and to test knowledge of changing industry standards, as well as laws. It can help to join a professional organization to have access to trade publications, conferences, and other opportunities for following the industry.