Residential irrigation is a form of irrigation designed to meet residential water needs. Irrigation can be used for a variety of purposes. In terms of residential uses, it can bring water to a garden that is used for food or ornamental plants. While such irrigation is on a relatively small scale when compared with the irrigation used in commercial agriculture, for example, the design of a residential irrigation system can get extremely complicated.
Irrigation is used to supply plants with water, using a series of hoses, pipes, and other fixtures. In contrast to a simple watering hose, an irrigation system is designed to be left in place, and can be activated manually or with an automatic system. Irrigation systems deliver water to all areas of the garden, or to a set series of zones. This helps cut down on the time spent watering when compared to walking around the garden with a hose, or to manually moving sprinklers around to hit various areas of the garden.
A number of factors are involved in the design of a garden irrigation system. The climate in which the garden is located is an issue, as are the kinds of plants being grown in a garden. Native plants may have minimal irrigation needs, while non-natives may require intensive irrigation to thrive. When designing a residential irrigation system, people may also think about various zones of the garden; there may be areas which require more or less water, making it necessary to supply water at different rates.
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Some examples of garden irrigation include flood, drip, and sprinkler irrigation systems. Drip irrigation is very popular because it is highly efficient, but it can require a great deal of maintenance to function properly. By contrast, flood irrigation is quite easy, but can sometimes be wasteful for a residential irrigation system.
Irrigation supplies which can be used for residential irrigation can be found in many garden stores and some hardware stores. These supplies are often generic in nature, allowing people to use universal parts in their particular irrigation system rather than forcing people to stick with a single brand or system.
Companies which specialize in residential irrigation system design, installation, and maintenance can be found in many regions. Working with these companies may be advisable for people who are unfamiliar with irrigation systems and their requirements. Doing so can help save money in the long term by ensuring that a system is designed and installed right the first time.