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What is Involved in Type II Diabetes Treatment?

By Erin J. Hill
Updated May 17, 2024
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Type II diabetes treatment generally involves carefully managing one’s diet and exercise program so that glucose levels do not get too high. In some cases, medication may be needed to help lower blood sugar. Glucose levels must also be closely monitored to ensure that they do not get too high or too low.

One of the most important aspects of type II diabetes treatment is maintaining a healthy diet. Those with diabetes cannot consume large amounts of refined carbohydrates and simple sugars since these substances can raise blood sugar to dangerous levels. Most people with type II diabetes have high blood glucose levels already. Blood sugar has to be carefully controlled so that it remains within a healthy range because prolonged high blood sugar can lead to serious health complications.

To make sure blood glucose levels are within a healthy range, patients are advised to check their sugar several times per day using a handheld blood glucose meter. These can be purchased at health supply stores, pharmacies, and they are sometimes offered for free from manufacturers. Glucose should be checked at increments set up by each patient’s doctor and kept in a log for reference at each doctor’s visit.

Many patients only require dietary restrictions and careful monitoring for type II diabetes treatment. Others may require additional treatments to be implemented. For instance, medications used to control blood sugar may become necessary for some individuals. Exercise also has an impact on glucose levels, so patients should be mindful of when their levels spike, drop, or otherwise become sporadic and then act accordingly.

The process of type II diabetes treatment also requires routine visits to the doctor, as well as additional visits as needed based on patient complications and concerns. Additional treatments may also be necessary if complications and secondary conditions arise. Severe health conditions can develop if diabetes goes untreated, and even in some patients who adequately control blood sugar. These conditions can include kidney disease, heart failure, and blindness.

Additional type II diabetes treatment plans may include herbal supplements and other natural remedies. Cinnamon, bitter melon, and magnesium are all natural supplements which have been shown to help control blood sugar. Eating foods containing these ingredients may also be beneficial. Patients should always discuss treatments options with a healthcare professional.

WiseGEEK is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

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