Geneticist education can depend on the type of work someone wants to perform and may range from a bachelor’s degree to an MD or PhD program with advanced fellowships in the field. The coursework usually includes extensive math and science, with a focus on genetics. Clinical skills, critical analysis, the application of genetics to patient care, and other subjects may be taught in individual programs designed to prepare people for different specialties in this field. Numerous colleges and universities offer degrees in genetics and may provide a variety of options for students.
Technicians and assistants may be able to work with a bachelor’s degree. This geneticist education involves prerequisite courses set for graduation along with a series of specialty classes in biology or genetics specifically, if an institution offers a genetics degree. The goal is to provide students with the information they need to perform basic lab tests, assist researchers, and support the work at a genetics facility.
Students can choose to go on to master’s programs or medical school with a bachelor’s degree. Someone with a master’s in genetics might participate in research or genetic counseling. More advanced geneticist education expands job opportunities and usually includes original research for a master’s thesis. Those wishing to work in genetic medicine will need to attend medical school and complete a residency to work with patients.
Another type of geneticist education involves pursuing a doctorate and working in advanced research and development. Some people may choose to attend a combination program that provides medical and geneticist education so they can work with patients and perform research. Fellowships offer additional training to allow people to expand their knowledge of specific subjects in genetics.
Training to become a geneticist may take between four and ten years, and sometimes even longer for people who pursue a complex geneticist education. In all cases, students need to be comfortable with math and science subjects like biochemistry, physics, and statistics. This allows them to analyze and explore data, provide patients with accurate information, and conduct research that will further the field.
Before pursuing a geneticist education, it can be advisable to consider the kind of work someone wants to do. This may influence where people go to school and what kind of training they apply for in preparation for a professional career. One option that may help involves looking at people who do jobs that appear interesting, and learning about their educational credentials to see how they became geneticists.