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What is Inguinal Hernia Laparoscopy?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
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Inguinal hernia laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is performed to repair the most common type of hernia. This type of procedure uses several small incisions instead of the much larger incision used in open surgery, making recovery time shorter and decreasing the risks of complications such as bleeding or infection. In most cases, the patient is completely sedated for the procedure, and a complete recovery usually takes only a couple of weeks.

In preparation for inguinal hernia laparoscopy, the patient is generally advised not to eat or drink anything after midnight the night before the surgery. The patient is typically admitted to the hospital the morning of the surgery. In most cases, the patient is able to go home the same day as the procedure, although some doctors may prefer to observe the patient overnight.

A small tube, known as an IV, is usually inserted into a vein prior to the inguinal hernia laparoscopy. This allows medications and fluids to easily be introduced into the body as needed. The patient is then sedated and prepped for surgery.

During inguinal hernia laparoscopy, a small incision is made in or near the naval. A couple more small incisions are generally made into the abdominal wall. A small camera and other instruments are inserted into these incisions so that the surgeon can clearly see the area that needs to be repaired. A synthetic mesh material is typically used to repair the hole in the abdominal wall and helps to prevent the hernia from returning. The incisions are then closed with sutures, surgical glue, or other materials.

There are a few possible risks associated with inguinal hernia laparoscopy, although these complications are rare. The most common complications from inguinal hernia laparoscopy include bleeding and infection. There is also a slight risk of damage to surrounding organs or tissues during the procedure. The medical staff will monitor for these complications before allowing the patient to leave the hospital. If any of these signs are present, the patient may be advised to stay in the hospital overnight for further monitoring and evaluation.

Prescription pain medication may be needed for a few days following inguinal hernia laparoscopy. After a few days, over-the-counter pain relievers should provide adequate relief. Normal activities can begin slowly as tolerated by the patient. Any questions or concerns about inguinal hernia laparoscopy should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.

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