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What can I Expect from Hernia Laparoscopy?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
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Hernia laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used to repair a hernia. This type of surgery involves a shorter recovery period as well as fewer chances of developing complications such as infections than with an open surgery. During hernia laparoscopy, small instruments are placed into small incisions made in the abdominal wall. These instruments are used to repair any holes or tears in the abdominal wall and return the intestines to their original position.

In most cases, hernia laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia, meaning that the patient is completely sedated during the procedure. A small incision is then made near the naval, or belly button. Two or three small puncture holes are also made into the abdominal wall. These tiny incisions allow for the insertion of a small camera and other necessary medical instruments.

Once the incisions have been made and the medical instruments have been inserted, hernia laparoscopy typically involves the insertion of a small piece of mesh material that is used to reinforce the abdominal wall. This prevents the intestines from protruding through the defect in the future. The mesh material may be secured in a number of ways, depending on the preferences of the surgeon. Some of the choices include staples, sutures, or tacks made of titanium.

After the mesh has been secured, the surgical wound is closed and the hernia laparoscopy is complete. In some cases, the patient can go home the same day as the procedure, although it is more common to be observed overnight in the hospital for signs of possible complications. Recovery time for hernia laparoscopy is generally around two weeks as opposed to six weeks with open surgery. There may be considerable pain or discomfort for a couple of days following surgery, but it typically begins to lessen dramatically after that time period. It is important for the patient to carefully follow all directions given by the medical staff concerning rest and proper post-operative care of the surgical site.

Prescription pain medications may be given for the first few days following hernia laparoscopy, although many patients do well with over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Complications are rare, but any unusual or bothersome symptoms that occur following the surgery should be reported to a doctor. Some things to watch out for include fever, chills, and bleeding. Other potential signs of complications may include difficulty urinating, shortness of breath, or increased swelling near the surgical site.

WiseGEEK is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

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