What is Chicken Salad?

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Chicken salad is a salad in which chopped, cooked chicken is the star ingredient. People may eat it on its own as an appetizer or entree, or serve it in sandwiches, and it is an especially common snack food in the American South. Many people make chicken salad to use up leftover chicken, and chicken can also be roasted, steamed, or fried specifically for the purpose of making the salad.

Chopped Jicama may be included in chicken salad.
Chopped Jicama may be included in chicken salad.

Classically, chicken salad is made by mixing chicken with a fat-rich dressing and an assortment of vegetables to form a chunky mixture. Basic recipes may include chopped chicken, celery, sweet onions, and parsley in a dressing made with mayonnaise, mustard, salt, pepper, and a dash of oil and vinegar. This is only the beginning of a long list of potential ingredients, however.

Hard boiled eggs, which are sometimes included in chicken salad.
Hard boiled eggs, which are sometimes included in chicken salad.

Curried chicken salad, for example, includes curry paste or powder for a spicy flavor. The dish can also be made with fruit like apples or dried cranberries for a sweeter take on the traditional version, and it may include things like raisins, slivered almonds, walnuts, jicama, and a variety of other vegetables, fruits, and nuts. Typically, all of the ingredients are chopped to more or less the same size so that the salad has a uniform texture.

Mayonnaise is a common base for chicken salad.
Mayonnaise is a common base for chicken salad.

In addition to the mayonnaise dressing commonly used with chicken salad, cooks can also make creamy dressings, cheese-based dressings, and so forth. Sometimes, a vinaigrette may be used instead of the more traditional cream dressing, to reduce the fat content of the salad. Chicken may also be grilled, which gives the dish a smoky flavor, and ingredients like chopped hard boiled eggs or other meats can be added to the dish as well for more variation.

Some chicken salads contain pieces of apple.
Some chicken salads contain pieces of apple.

Chicken salad can be served on a bed of lettuce, spooned into pita pockets, or served as a traditional sandwich. Some people also enjoy it warm, or in a melt, which includes chicken salad and cheese on bread, toasted so that the cheese melts and the salad warms through.

Walnuts can be a tasty addition to chicken salad.
Walnuts can be a tasty addition to chicken salad.

There are some food safety concerns with chicken salad. It should not be stored at room temperature, or allowed to sit out at room temperature unless the dressing is acidic. If the dish is being taken on a picnic, packing it in an ice chest or chilled carrier can keep it safe to eat, and sandwiches should ideally be refrigerated if they are not going to be eaten right away.

Salt and pepper may be added to chicken salad.
Salt and pepper may be added to chicken salad.
Parsley can be used to season a chicken salad.
Parsley can be used to season a chicken salad.
Some chicken salad include raisins.
Some chicken salad include raisins.
Leftover chicken can be used to make chicken salad.
Leftover chicken can be used to make chicken salad.
Curried chicken can make for a more flavorful salad.
Curried chicken can make for a more flavorful salad.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

anon44515

Grapes, curry powder and mandarin orange slices are also all very good in chicken salad. It's also good when you substitute plain yogurt for part of the mayonnaise. Yum.

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