What is a Fire Protection Program?

Pamela Pleasant

A fire protection program consists of various precautionary measures that are taken to avoid a structural fire. These programs are put in place to provide protection for people who live or spend time in a populated dwelling. Certain types of jobs, health care facilities, hospitals, and assisted living centers are just a few examples of dwellings that require a fire protection program. There are many rules and stipulations that have to be followed to avoid injuries. Some of these rules are actually laws and an inspection will be needed for safety verification, while other rules are put into place for added safety.

If smoking is allowed in a building, it should be contained in one area.
If smoking is allowed in a building, it should be contained in one area.

Before any kind of fire protection program can be put into place, certain things have to be assessed. It will have to be determined how many people can safely occupy the structure. There also has to be an ample number of exits for fast evacuation during an emergency. The structure must have smoke detectors and alarms as well as fire extinguishers. If there are any hazardous or flammable liquids in the structure, they have to be placed in a locked storage room and away from residential settings.

Fire extinguishers are part of a fire protection program for a home or business.
Fire extinguishers are part of a fire protection program for a home or business.

Once the facility has met the legal requirements for operation, the employees as well as the residents should partake in annual fire drills and evacuation exercises. They should also learn how to operate any firefighting equipment within the structure. All employees should be familiar with any emergency procedures and they should also have taken courses on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). A fire protection program also includes making sure the dwelling itself is safe.

Fire protection equipment includes automatic sprinklers.
Fire protection equipment includes automatic sprinklers.

There are many ways a structure fire can occur but by using a fire protection program, some hazards can be avoided. The wiring in the structure should be up to standards and surge protectors should also be added to protect appliances. Heating systems and air conditioners should be up to date and functional. Rules should also be put into place for using items such as hot plates or toaster ovens and excessive extension cord usage should be prohibited. If smoking is permitted within the facility, it should be contained to a certain area.

Every home should have multiple smoke detectors.
Every home should have multiple smoke detectors.

In the work place, a fire protection program can prevent injuries or even death. Employers must make sure the machinery being used is safe and occupants must also have knowledge of what to do in an emergency situation. The factory or plant has to be assessed often for any injury related hazards such as a blocked fire exit or non-functioning sprinklers.

Factories and industrial plants need to be assessed often for potential injury hazards, such as blocked fire exits or non-functioning sprinklers.
Factories and industrial plants need to be assessed often for potential injury hazards, such as blocked fire exits or non-functioning sprinklers.

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