Hand pain can be incredibly difficult to deal with, especially for someone who works with their hands on a daily basis. Among the common causes of hand pain are sprains, arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome. Depending on the cause, the pain may be temporary or permanent and the level of pain can range from minor to extreme.
When the median nerve experiences pressure, such as from injury or constant use, it can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, which is one of the causes of hand pain. Although the pain starts in the wrist, the pain can extend slightly up the arm and down to the fingertips. The person will also feel numbness in the hand while holding an item.
A sprain or strain can also cause hand pain. It can start in the wrist or fingers and happen due to a fall, from participating in sports or from moving or lifting an item. In addition to pain, there may also be swelling and limited movement.
Another cause of hand pain may be rheumatoid arthritis, a disorder that causes pain and swelling in the body — usually in the hands and feet. It can cause stiffness, redness and severe pain and swelling in the joints. The person may also have difficulty holding or managing even the smallest of items.
De Quervain's tenosynovitis is another possible reason for hand pain. The condition happens when the tendons that run from the wrist to the thumb get inflamed and symptoms can include swelling and pain at the bottom part of the thumb. Doing the simplest of tasks, including cooking or lifting an item, can not only cause pain but can also make the condition worse.
Broken bones in the hand or wrist can cause pain in addition to bruising, swelling, numbness or an obvious twisted and deformed look to the hand. There may also be difficulty moving the hand or fingers, especially while trying to grip an item. Upon suspecting a broken hand, it's imperative to go to a doctor immediately to prevent the hand from healing improperly or from having the damage get any worse.
Although hand pain may seem miniscule enough to wait it out, it's important to go to a doctor as soon as possible. Depending on the cause, muscle damage, increasing pain and nerve damage can occur if the condition is not properly treated in a timely manner. Considering it's a very frequently used part of the body, taking the time to get a quick checkup can help prevent a lifetime of hand pain and problems.