What are the Different Types of Water Filtration Equipment?

S. Zaimov
S. Zaimov
Contaminated tap water.
Contaminated tap water.

Water filtration equipment is used to treat contaminated or unclean water. The purification method can be either a chemical or a biological one, and the specific type of equipment needed varies depending on the water supply. This type of accessory can be used by large companies that have a private water well, or by individuals seeking to improve the quality of the water in their home.

A glass of filtered water beside a bottle of water.
A glass of filtered water beside a bottle of water.

There are different contaminants that water filtration equipment may seek to eliminate. While chloride is added to water to quickly destroy bacteria, it is a harmful chemical if ingested in great quantities. Ceramic water filters are often used to help eliminate chloride in drinking water.

Whole house particulate filters are commonly used to eliminate rust and sediment. Eroded particles may sometimes be carried along by water pipes. These particles can sometimes even be large enough to be seen at the bottom of a glass of water. Build-up of sediments may also clog or block some pipe lines and prevent water from flowing altogether. To prevent such build-up from occurring, this particulate filters are sometimes installed near the main water line to a building.

A whole house water filter removes contaminants from all water in a home.
A whole house water filter removes contaminants from all water in a home.

Contaminated water is sometimes identified by its bad taste and smell. This condition can be the result of leftover chloride or rusty pipes. Special filters called granulated active carbon (GAC) filters, also referred to as activated charcoal filters, have the ability to absorb large amounts of impure water. Although they often greatly improve taste and smell, they may sometimes result in cloudy water due to the release of air.

Water filters are sometimes built into a pitcher.
Water filters are sometimes built into a pitcher.

Other types of water filtration equipment include canister or counter-top filters, which have large holders, one for collecting tap water and another for holding the clean water tha thas passed through the filter. Faucet-mounted filters are usually installed on a sink's water faucet. Undersink filters are often placed beneath the sink where they are hidden from view.

People in remote areas with contaminated water often use canisters to filter water.
People in remote areas with contaminated water often use canisters to filter water.

Reverse osmosis is a water filtration system that uses pressure to remove potentially hazardous particles from the water flow. This system can have several pieces of equipment that filter sediment and chlorine, and it can make use of an ultra-violet lamp which helps locate and destroy any microbes that may have passed through the initial filter. Many people living in rural areas install a reverse osmosis system to help them purify their own water supply.

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    • Contaminated tap water.
      Contaminated tap water.
    • A glass of filtered water beside a bottle of water.
      A glass of filtered water beside a bottle of water.
    • A whole house water filter removes contaminants from all water in a home.
      A whole house water filter removes contaminants from all water in a home.
    • Water filters are sometimes built into a pitcher.
      Water filters are sometimes built into a pitcher.
    • People in remote areas with contaminated water often use canisters to filter water.
      People in remote areas with contaminated water often use canisters to filter water.