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What are the Different Types of Vasculitis Treatment?

By Patti Kate
Updated May 17, 2024
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Vasculitis treatment options will depend upon several factors, such as if the effects are localized or if the heart and kidneys have suffered damage. For those suffering from a form of vasculitis that does not produce severe symptoms, treatment may include over-the-counter non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen. For cases in which inflammation has caused severe pain and swelling, prescription medications may be required. Modification of lifestyle can have a positive effect as well.

If various blood vessels develop clots or protrusions, this could be a very serious and urgent matter. In such a case, vasculitis treatment will typically require surgery. Removing the swollen mass and repairing any damage to a blood vessel will most likely be necessary. Although this condition may occur with vasculitis, it is not very common.

When anti-inflammatory medications don't seem to offer much relief from pain and swelling, the patient's physician will most likely prescribe a higher dose prescription drug for vasculitis treatment, most often prednisone. Various other drugs used to suppress the immune system will often be another treatment option. Cyclophosphamide an example of this type of immunosuppressive drug.

Vasculitis treatment will sometimes involve a modification of the diet to reduce inflammation. A diet enriched with extra calcium is often recommended. Extra calcium is necessary to counteract the depletion of calcium that may be a result of steroid usage. Consuming a low-fat diet that contains adequate amounts of antioxidant-rich green, leafy vegetables may be helpful. Fruits that contain vitamins A and C may also be beneficial.

The patient may be helped by reducing his protein intake somewhat. A physician can advise what amounts should be consumed or if there is a need for a reduction. He may also recommend increasing consumption of soy protein rather than obtaining it from a meat source.

There are other self treatment options that a patient should consider after being diagnosed with vasculitis. Vasculitis treatment that begins at home should involve total cessation of smoking. Blood vessels that have become inflamed due to this condition will risk further deterioration if exposed to cigarette smoke. Consuming alcoholic beverages in moderation may be fine for some patients with vasculitis, although in some cases, alcohol may produce negative effects. Certain prescription medications may interact with alcohol and produce side effects, so it is best to consult with a physician.

Under the supervision of a doctor, vasculitis treatment may also include moderate exercise. Taking daily walks may be encouraged for many patients. In conjunction with routine exercise, adequate sleep is also essential to help fight the effects of this condition.

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