What Are the Different Types of Library Science Jobs?

A.E. Freeman

The different types of library science jobs include the various types of librarians as well as those who assist patrons in a library, such as clerks and pages. Not all library science jobs require a degree in library science. Some of the jobs are part-time and require only a high school diploma. Librarian positions typically require a master's degree in library science.

The director of a university library needs to ensure that students have access to the books and resources they need.
The director of a university library needs to ensure that students have access to the books and resources they need.

Entry-level library science jobs include pages, who are responsible for re-shelving books or locating books on the shelves if asked. A page may have access to the books tacks or other areas of the library that are usually off limits to patrons. Pages may also help patrons check out their books.

A library assistant may be responsible for assisting patrons with book needs.
A library assistant may be responsible for assisting patrons with book needs.

A library clerk or assistant is another type of library science job. The job is slightly more complicated than a page's job. The assistant is responsible for checking out library books and for putting books on hold for patrons. If a patron owes a fine, she pays it to the clerk. Library assistants also commonly sign people up for library cards and are able to answer questions about the library or research.

Librarians should have a master's degree in library science or information studies.
Librarians should have a master's degree in library science or information studies.

The position of librarian is the job commonly associated with library science jobs. To become a librarian, a person needs to complete a master's degree in library science. In the United States, the degree must come from a college that is accredited by the American Library Association.

A library page may be responsible for re-shelving books and retrieving books for patrons.
A library page may be responsible for re-shelving books and retrieving books for patrons.

Usually, librarians specialize in a certain area. Some choose a specific topic, while others choose to become academic librarians. Librarian who wish to work in a public school typically need certification, such as a teaching certificate, in addition to the master's degree. Topics a librarian can specialize in include law, medicine, and the sciences. A librarian's job responsibilities include researching and finding new materials for the library, leading programs at the library, and keeping the library catalog up to date.

Higher level library science jobs include library managers and library directors. These people usually have a master's degree. Some may continue their education and earn doctorates in library sciences. A library manager may be responsible for overseeing a branch of a larger library system or a single department in a library.

Library directors act as the executives of a library. A director is responsible for hiring, setting the budget, and raising funds for the library. The salary for a director can vary greatly based on the region the library is located in and its size.

Law librarians may need to earn a full law degree in addition to training in library science.
Law librarians may need to earn a full law degree in addition to training in library science.

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