Leg liposuction is a broad term that refers to the removal of fat from the thigh area down to the ankles. Although this procedure may be performed on women and men, women are more likely to have it done, as their storage and distribution of fat in these areas is thought to be genetically predetermined. That can make the fat difficult to get rid of despite proper diet and frequent exercise. Two of the most common areas for leg liposuction are the inner and outer thighs, but the calves and ankles may also be done.
The thigh is a popular area for leg liposuction, as the fat that accumulates on the inner and outer thigh tends to be resistant to dieting and exercise. This procedure is also very popular because the appearance of cellulite may be diminished. Super-wet, tumescent, and ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL) techniques are thought to be some of the best options for this area because they may be less traumatic to the body.
For those with bulky lower legs, leg liposuction that concentrates on the calves may be a good option. Unlike thigh procedures, this particular operation is not entirely common. This is mainly because the calves do not tend to accumulate a lot of fat, but instead build large muscle. Buttock, thigh, and lower leg liposuction procedures are usually done together to make the lower body appear more proportionate. Ankle liposuction may also be performed at the time of calf surgery, as this operation is said to help make the leg look more defined.
As with any surgical procedure, leg liposuction may come with some complications. The calf is close to a number of important blood vessels and nerves and also contains a good deal of muscle tissue. Aggressive procedures can potentially damage these vital structures. Attempting to pull fat from the area just behind the knee may also cause damage to nerves and blood vessels. Patients are usually advised to avoid any surgical procedures in this area.
Excessive removal of fat from these areas may also cause complications. Not only can this cause damage to internal structures, but removing all of the fat from any given spot may cause the skin to adhere to the surrounding muscle. Should the patient gain weight at a later date, this may result in a dimpling effect in the areas where liposuction was performed.