Gout pain management is very individualized, as each patient responds differently to the various treatment options. The most commonly used types of gout pain management include dietary changes, lifestyle modification, and the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications. Natural remedies such as baking soda, cherry juice, or vitamin C may also help to alleviate some of the discomfort caused by gout. Any specific questions or concerns about gout pain management in an individual situation should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Dietary changes are often recommended as a first line of treatment for gout pain management. Foods such as fish, beans, and spinach are known to increase uric acid levels, thus increasing the risks of developing gout. These foods should be limited or eliminated among those who suffer from chronic gout flare-ups. Caffeine, oatmeal, and red meats may also need to be eliminated from the diet of chronic gout sufferers.
Consuming between six and eight glasses of water per day is a healthy addition to a gout pain management program. Increased fluid intake helps to flush toxins such as uric acid from the kidneys and lowers the risk of developing this arthritic condition. Alcohol increases uric acid levels and should be consumed only in moderation. Some patients must avoid alcohol completely in order to prevent recurring flare-ups. A moderate exercise program is often recommended for gout patients, although a doctor should be consulted before beginning any new exercise program.
Over-the-counter pain relievers known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, may be used for gout pain management. These medications help to lessen joint swelling while easing some of the discomfort caused by gout. Stronger prescription pain medications may be needed in severe cases of gout or if the patient must remain mobile.
Colchicine is a prescription medication that may sometimes be used as part of a gout pain management program. While this medication is not classified as a pain reliever, it has been shown to reduce pain and inflammation associated with gout. This drug may interfere with the effectiveness of certain medications, so the supervising physician should be aware of all medications or supplements that are being taken.
Vitamin C is believed to help reduce uric acid, thus assisting in the prevention and treatment of gout. Citrus fruits are good sources of vitamin C, although over-the-counter supplements are available as well. Cherry juice has been reported for centuries to have pain-relieving properties and may be especially beneficial for those with gout. Baking soda is often used as a treatment for gout, but a doctor should be consulted first. The consumption of baking soda has been known to cause negative side effects such as elevated blood pressure or digestive disturbances.