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What are the Different Types of Glomerulonephritis Treatment?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
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Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that may lead to partial or complete kidney failure, especially if left untreated. Glomerulonephritis treatment options vary according to specific symptoms as well as the overall health of the patient. Some of the most common types of glomerulonephritis treatment methods include dietary changes, the use of prescription medications, and a medical procedure known as plasmapheresis. In some cases, dialysis or a kidney transplant may become necessary.

Glomerulonephritis treatment may involve dietary changes in many cases. A diet low in sodium is typically recommended for anyone with a kidney disease. Diseased kidneys do not process proteins well, so a diet low in protein may be advised as well. In some cases, the amount of fluids consumed may need to be reduced or strictly monitored. Depending on the amount of damage to the kidneys, other nutrients, such as potassium and magnesium, may need to be reduced.

Prescription medications are often used as a form of glomerulonephritis treatment. These medications are used to treat specific symptoms. High blood pressure is common in this type of kidney disease, so medications to control blood blood pressure are frequently prescribed. Diuretics may also be used to help rid the body of excess fluid. Other medications, such as steroids or medications designed to suppress the immune system, may be used in certain situations, depending on the reason for the kidney disease.

Plasmapheresis is sometimes used as a type of glomerulonephritis treatment. This is a medical procedure in which the liquid portion of the blood that contains antibodies is removed from the body. This part of the blood is then replaced with intravenous fluids as well as plasma that has been donated and has had the antibodies removed. The goal of removing these antibodies is to help reduce the amount of inflammation in the kidney tissues.

If kidney function declines to the point where the kidneys are no longer able to work well enough to adequately support life, dialysis or transplant may become glomerulonephritis treatment options. Dialysis is a medical procedure that involves removing the blood from the body and sending it through a machine that cleanses the blood before returning it to the body. This procedure is generally performed several times per week. In some cases, a transplanted kidney from an organ donor or a living donor may become necessary in order to preserve the life of the patient.

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