There are several different types of face care products that can be used to maintain or improve the overall look and health of the skin. Cleansers and toners are some of the most common, and different varieties can work for different skin types. Exfoliators help to remove dead skin cells and clear pores, while moisturizers help to rehydrate the skin and may aid in protection from the sun. Serums and skin treatments are also common face care products, and can be used to treat issues ranging from acne to aging.
Facial cleansers are used to remove dirt, sweat, and make-up from the skin. Oil-free or foaming versions tend to work best for those with oily or acne prone skin. Creamy versions, which often contain hydrating ingredients, are typically marketed towards those with dry skin. Some facial cleanser face care products contain added ingredients, such as salicylic acid or proteins, to improve a person’s complexion while cleansing his or her skin.
Toners, sometimes referred to as astringents, are typically used to remove residue from the skin, often after cleansing. These face products usually come in a liquid that is applied to a cotton ball or pad and rubbed onto the face. The ingredients in the toner help to dissolve any residue or leftover dirt, and some may aid in the clearing of pores.
Exfoliators are grainy scrubs meant to soften and smooth skin, and may also be sold as a cleanser or mask. As with facial washes, some are made for oily skin while others are meant to rehydrate. Natural or man-made particles are added to a thick base that typically contains some cleansing ingredients. Typically after cleansing the skin, the exfoliator is gently rubbed into the skin once or twice a week to remove dead skin.
Moisturizers come in all-purpose, day, and night varieties, and are used to replace or balance moisture in the skin. Day moisturizers are typically light and often contain an SPF of 15 or 30 to help protect skin from the sun. Some may be tinted and aid in evening out the skin tone and hiding minor imperfections. Night moisturizers are often heavier, and may contain revitalizing ingredients such as antioxidants or vitamins to repair damage to the skin. Eye moisturizers are delicate, and meant only for the under eye area; they often contain lightening ingredients for under eye circles or anti-aging properties to prevent or reduce wrinkles.
Skin treatments and serums are popular also face care products. Some may aid in preventing or reversing minor signs of aging. A variety of treatments are also available to prevent and reduce acne or to even out the skin tone. Some serums come in a clear, liquid form, while others are the consistency and texture of a lotion. They may also act as a mask, which stays on the skin briefly and is then washed off.