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Acute sinusitis involves inflammation of the tissues in and around the sinus cavity and is often caused by medical conditions such as the common cold. Treatment options may vary according to the severity of the condition and the individual symptoms present. Acute sinusitis treatment may include the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications such as antibiotics or decongestants. Home treatments may include rest, increased fluid intake, and the use of warm compresses on the face.
Over-the-counter and prescription medications are the standard acute sinusitis treatment methods. Decongestants are often used to reduce the amount of sinus congestion present. This can reduce pain and make breathing easier and more comfortable. Decongestants are designed to be taken only for a few days at a time. These medications are available with or without a prescription and may be in the form of a pill, liquid, or nasal spray.
Corticosteroid nasal sprays may be used as an acute sinusitis treatment. These nasal sprays help to reduce inflammation. Saline nasal sprays help to rinse the nasal passages and can be used several times per day. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help to ease some of the discomfort associated with sinusitis.
Antibiotics may be used as an acute sinusitis treatment if a bacterial infection is present. In some cases, antifungal medications may be prescribed. If the sinusitis is related to allergies, injections may be given to control the allergic responses that can lead to bouts of acute sinusitis.
Many people prefer to use a more natural acute sinusitis treatment method. Rest is one of the most beneficial things to do while recovering from a bout of sinusitis. Increasing fluid intake can prevent dehydration and help the body recover more quickly. Sleeping with the head slightly elevated can reduce congestion by allowing the sinuses to drain more effectively.
Another simple, yet effective acute sinusitis treatment is the use of a warm compress. A warm, damp cloth can be placed on the eyes, nose, and cheeks several times per day to help ease facial pain and discomfort. Breathing in the steam from a hot shower may have similar effects. Acute sinusitis may be prevented in some cases by avoiding situations that typically trigger these attacks, such as exposure to cigarette smoke and air pollution. Properly managing environmental allergies often reduces the chances of developing acute sinusitis.