Most of the time, a stomach ache can be treated at home without the need to see a doctor. Remedies for a stomach ache depend on the cause of the pain. For pain caused by indigestion or an upset stomach, taking an antacid may help relieve symptoms. A stomach ache caused by constipation can be treated with laxatives or by increasing the amount of fiber a person eats. Drinking plenty of fluids is a great remedy for many causes of stomach pain.
A person can easily become dehydrated when suffering from a stomach ache, especially if the stomach ache leads to vomiting or diarrhea. Fluids such as water, fruit juice, and caffeine-free sodas are effective remedies for a stomach ache. Hot herbal teas, such as peppermint tea or ginger tea, may also effectively treat a stomach ache caused by indigestion. To get the best benefit from the liquids, a person should take small sips frequently throughout the day. Drinking enough liquid also helps relieve stomach pain caused by constipation.
Several remedies for a stomach ache are available over the counter. Bismuth salicylate helps relieve the symptoms of diarrhea and upset stomach. It's commonly found in the form of a thick, pink liquid, though it is also available in pill or chewable tablet form. Although it is often a quick and effective remedy, bismuth salicylate shouldn't be taken by someone who is allergic to aspirin.
Other remedies for a stomach ache include eating mild foods and avoiding certain trigger foods. People who suffer from stomach pain caused by irritable bowel syndrome or Crohn's disease may find that avoiding spicy foods, caffeine, or dairy keeps the pain away. Those who have celiac disease usually have few symptoms when they avoid gluten, which is found in wheat products.
Sometimes a stomach ache results from eating too much food too quickly. People with stomach pain caused by overeating may find that eating smaller, more frequent meals cures the pain. A person should eat slowly and thoroughly chew his food to keep stomach aches at bay.
Soaking in a warm tub or placing a warm washcloth on the aching area can also help relieve a stomach ache. For abdominal pains caused by menstrual cramps or ovulation, a woman can try taking a pain reliever such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin. If the pain is caused by indigestion, a person should avoid aspirin or ibuprofen, which can irritate the stomach.