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What are the Different Types of Osteoporosis Therapy?

Article Details
  • Written By: D. Jeffress
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 08 January 2020
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2020
    Conjecture Corporation
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Individuals living with osteoporosis often struggle with everyday activities. Chronic back pain and the risk of bone fractures can limit a person's ability to enjoy going on walks, exercising, and working. Luckily, doctors and physical trainers have identified many effective types of osteoporosis therapy that can help patients cope with their condition and restrengthen their bones. Most osteoporosis therapy regimens include taking medication or hormones, maintaining a healthy diet, and exercising under the guidance of physical therapists. In addition, many osteoporosis patients benefit from receiving emotional support and lifestyle tips from others living with the condition.

After a person is diagnosed with osteoporosis, his or her doctor usually prescribes medications to prevent further bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures. Many popular medications for osteoporosis, including calcitonin and bisphosphonates, help to replenish the body's supply of important hormones that build and maintain bone mass. Hormone replacement osteoporosis therapy can also be effective in restoring levels of estrogen and other important hormones. A patient might need to try several different types of medications before finding one that provides the best results.

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In addition to medication, most people with osteoporosis benefit from taking dietary supplements and making healthier choices when it comes to food. Calcium and vitamin D supplements are often recommended by doctors to promote stronger bones. Many people benefit from limiting their intake of nutrient-deficient foods and drinks, such as caffeinated beverages, alcohol, and processed meals. Consuming dairy products, fruit juices, vegetables, and low-protein foods is important to maintain high levels of vitamins and nutrients.

Physical therapy and regular exercise are very helpful forms of osteoporosis therapy. Physical therapists work with patients to help them determine their risks and limits, identify goals, and work to build stronger bones. Experts organize both group therapy and custom individual training plans to help patients recover from osteoporosis. Common exercises include swimming, walking on treadmills, and light weightlifting. Physical therapists also teach patients how to maintain better posture and manage daily activities to help reduce their risk of falling or otherwise putting themselves at risk of bone fractures.

Many people benefit from emotional osteoporosis therapy in addition to medications and exercise. Since the condition can seriously change a person's life, it is common for patients to experience feelings of depression or a loss of motivation. Emotional support groups give people an opportunity to share their experiences and discuss ways to cope. Patients who carefully follow their doctors' orders and stay positive with the support of peers are frequently able to overcome their difficulties and enjoy life to its fullest.

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