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Singers use an array of techniques to help with vocal range and vocal health. Learning to sing will require a familiarity with current vocal range, correct posture, and proper breathing techniques. A person who is just starting out will also have to learn how to use his or her diaphragm when vocalizing. In addition, taking lessons from a vocal coach and singing with a choir or vocal group will help novice singers to hone his or her potential.
When learning how to sing, the singer will have to be familiar with his or her singing voice and range. An aspiring singer will be acclimated to his or her own unique singing style by simply practicing. Singing within his or her vocal range will help to develop the vocal chords, allowing them to increase the range with time and experience.
Correct posture is imperative for an aspiring singer. A posture that is erect and tall will allow for the lungs to be filled completely with air. Individuals who have weak posture will usually have a caved in chest when singing, which does not allow the air to fully revitalize the body. A singer should always practice correct posture by having his or her shoulders aligned with the feet, with the head parallel to the ground. This can make the difference between a rich tone, and one that sounds exasperated or limited.
Once a correct posture is used, a musician should be sure to both breathe and sing from the diaphragm. Most novice singers will sing from their throat, usually straining their neck and vocal chords during the process. Young children normally use their diaphragm when vocalizing, while adults growing lazy and only using the upper part of their lungs. Activating other parts of the lung and diaphragm can be accomplished by using deep breathing exercises as a means to warm up the voice. A singer who is actively using his or her diaphragm will have his or her belly move in when he or she exhales or sings and out while inhaling, which is usually the opposite of what most people think.
When learning to sing, it is important to incorporate a large array of warm-up exercises to increase the elasticity and range of the voice. Just as an athlete stretches before a strenuous workout, proper vocal warm-ups will also safeguard the vocal chords from potential damage and enable them to be used for a wider vocal range. There are many popular warm-ups that help the singer practice both breathing techniques and vocal modulation.
Many people choose to take vocal lessons as well, which is a great way to learn how to sing from a trained professional. A vocal coach can give feedback as to strengths and weaknesses of the singer, and prescribe specific exercises tailored to the individual. In addition, joining a singing group or choir, whether in the community or through a church, will also help the singer to become more acclimated to singing with others and will enable him or her to gain confidence in his or her abilities.