Vacuum repair is required when a vacuum-based unit, such as a vacuum cleaner, stops working. There are four common reasons for a vacuum to require repair: clogs, electrical issues, motor failure and part damage. All of these issues can be repaired with time, effort and the required parts.
Before you begin any type of vacuum repair, look at the warranty that came with the vacuum unit. The most expensive units have a list of approved and authorized vacuum repair services that will be able to fix your unit. Carefully read the product warranty to determine if you are still covered. If the unit it outside the warranty, you can try and repair it yourself. If it is under warranty, you will have to take it in for repair or risk voiding the warranty.
The first step is in vacuum repair is to diagnose the problem. The most common problem is a loss of suction due to clogs. Measure the level of suction by using the vacuum against the palm of your hand. No suction inicates a clog inside the vacuum hose or bag. Turn off the unit and empty the bag. Separate the hose from the bag and clean it thoroughly. Complete a visual inspection of the hose to ensure it is clear of any debris and then restart.
If this does not resolve your issue, enlist an assistant to help you test the electrical system. Check the unit for any burning or melted plastic smell. If there is no smell, try to turn the unit on. If the unit turns on and stays on, it is not an electrical issue.
Unplug the unit and take the plastic casing off. Inspect the entire length of the power cord and look for wear or fraying. If you can see the wires, the cord must be replaced. This can be done at any vacuum repair store.
Motor failure can be caused by wear, faulty design or a build up of human or pet hair. To inspect the vacuum, unplug the unit and take the plastic cover off. Look at the details of your manual to isolate the motor and inspect it for signs of wear. Order replacement parts for any visibly worn parts.
If there are no visible issues, inspect all the parts of the vacuum for part damage. Broken plastic or metal, bent brushes and worn rings can all cause your vacuum to stop working. Order the replacement parts from the manufacturer and replace them according to the instruction manual to repair the vacuum.