A worm composting system, also known as vermicomposting, is used to turn the scraps from fruits and vegetables into rich, fertilized soil. A worm compost can convert up to five pounds of scraps a day into soil. Besides making nutrient-rich soil, the worms also benefit gardens by turning the soil. A worm composting system is a great contribution to the environment, as it reduces the wastes in our land fill.
To start a worm composting system, it is first necessary to purchase red wiggle worms, or fishing worms. These are a type of earthworm, but not the everyday type you would find normally find in your garden. These worms can be purchased in a fishing, or bait, supply shop. Start out by purchasing two pounds (0.90 Kg) of worms, as they will quickly multiply. One pound (0.45 Kg) of worms will compost about a half a pound(0.225 Kg) of food a day.
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Worm composting begins with building a place for the worms to reside. A box that is between 12 inches (30.48 cm) to 18 inches( 45.72 cm) high is sufficient. It can be as wide and long as desired. For the safety of the worms, the box should be made with untreated wood. Drill small drainage holes, with a screw gun, in the bottom of the box.
Fill the worm composting box half full with bedding. The bedding can be made of shredded newspapers or cardboard, as well as leaves. Moisten the bedding with non-chlorinated water. A spray bottle is recommended, as it won't over-saturate the bedding.
Place the worms in the worm composting bin. They will burrow down to the bottom of the bedding. Lay the organic waste in the bin and allow the worms to do their job. Never place meat in the compost bin. It will decay, producing a horrible smell, and contaminating the soil.
Every three to six months, move the old compost to one side of the worm bin and add new bedding to the other side. When the worms move to the new bedding, remove the compost and replenish the other side. Use the compost as fertilizer in a garden.
The worm composting system can be profitable in other ways as well. The worms will multiply very quickly and can be sold as fishing bait, while the compost they produce can be sold as garden soil. Besides reducing waste disposal costs, and possibly creating a profit, the worm composting bin will give you an endless supply of fishing bait.