We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is the Relationship between the Brainstem and Cerebellum?

By Jennifer Long
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGEEK is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGEEK, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The brainstem and cerebellum have individual roles in cognitive functions and motor control. Similar to the other parts of the brain, and the body as a whole, the brainstem and cerebellum have separate purposes. When their purposes are combined, it becomes evident just how much the brainstem and cerebellum depend on each other, and vice versa, in the overall functioning of the brain. Activity may start in one area, or it may be simultaneous.

Located at the back of the head and brain, the brainstem is a section at the top of the spinal cord. Its main responsibility is to provide sensory and motor control to the neck and face. The brainstem houses all the nerve connections that run from the brain to the rest of the body. It controls the central nervous system, cardiac functions, and respiration. Additionally, the brainstem also plays a crucial role in maintaining the sleep-wake cycle.

In contrast, the cerebellum is located at the lower brain region, stretched under both hemispheres, with a section of the brainstem sitting in front. The cerebellum also regulates motor control, which links the brainstem and cerebellum together in one way. Cognitive functions, such as language, are regulated by the cerebellum. It also plays a role in a few emotion responses. Although the brainstem has primary control over initiating movement. The cerebellum aids movements by helping to regulate timing and coordination.

The brainstem and cerebellum may be responsible for regulating different functions, but they also work together. If damage occurs to the cerebellum, it is unlikely that paralysis would be a result because the main motor control is handled by the brainstem. Damage to the brainstem, however, can lead to paralysis but it can also cause a deficiency in other functions. In some cases, the cerebellum may compensate for small injuries or damage to the brainstem but only if major control is not hindered. On its own, the cerebellum does not have the ability to function as the brainstem does.

When the brainstem and the cerebellum function normally, they depend on each other. The brainstem plays the most influential role in the functions that both organs perform. The cerebellum acts as the structural support by aiding in the same functions as the brainstem, but not in nearly the same capacity. If there is an issue with either of the organs, it is likely that motor control will be affected.

WiseGEEK is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.