What is the Most Common STD?

Susan Grindstaff
Susan Grindstaff
Abdominal discomfort is a symptom of chlamydia, the most common STD.
Abdominal discomfort is a symptom of chlamydia, the most common STD.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) defines a type of disease or condition that is typically spread by sexual contact. The most common STD is considered to be chlamydia, which is also considered the most curable. In women, chlamydia typically infects the cervix, and in men, the disease usually affects the urethra. The urethra is the tube that transports urine from the bladder and has an opening in the end of the penis. A great deal of medical research has focused on the eradication of chlamydia, because it is considered the most common STD.

An STD is a type of disease that is typically spread by sexual contact.
An STD is a type of disease that is typically spread by sexual contact.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, there may be in excess of 3 million new cases of chlamydia each year. Chlamydia is often hard to detect because it typically does not cause sores or other symptoms that are visible. Victims may be infected with the disease for a long time without even realizing they have it.

Failure to receive treatment for chlamydia may lead to tubal pregnancy.
Failure to receive treatment for chlamydia may lead to tubal pregnancy.

Some of the symptoms of chlamydia include frequent and painful urination, abdominal discomfort, and slight fever. Some sufferers also may experience pain when having intercourse. In rare instances, men may experience some swelling of the testicles and a slight penile discharge. These symptoms do not occur in all instances, and many people experience no symptoms at all.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasingly referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by medical professionals.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasingly referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by medical professionals.

Failure to receive treatment for chlamydia can sometimes lead to serious and even life-threatening conditions. One of the most serious is ectopic pregnancy. Women who are infected with chlamydia and become pregnant are much more likely to suffer an ectopic pregnancy. This type of pregnancy may cause death, and termination may be necessary to save the life of the mother. Most studies suggest that an ectopic embryo would not be able to come to full term even if allowed to grow.

Most people infected with chlamydia never show symptoms of the infection.
Most people infected with chlamydia never show symptoms of the infection.

The most common STD treatment for chlamydia is antibiotics. Generally, patients are given antibiotic therapy for the first week, with follow-up testing scheduled to be sure the infection has been eliminated. If the infection is still present, the therapy is usually repeated. During treatment, sexual activity should be avoided because the condition is probably still active and contagious. Most of the time, people who have the condition will need to provide a history of their sexual partners so they can be contacted for treatment.

Condoms may offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms may offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

There is some debate as to whether chlamydia is in fact the most common STD. Some medical experts argue that genital warts are more common than chlamydia. This may be because in the methodology to determine how many people suffer from chlamydia, some estimation is required. The figures typically include an estimation of unreported cases.

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    • Abdominal discomfort is a symptom of chlamydia, the most common STD.
      By: fred goldstein
      Abdominal discomfort is a symptom of chlamydia, the most common STD.
    • An STD is a type of disease that is typically spread by sexual contact.
      By: jarun011
      An STD is a type of disease that is typically spread by sexual contact.
    • Failure to receive treatment for chlamydia may lead to tubal pregnancy.
      By: 9nong
      Failure to receive treatment for chlamydia may lead to tubal pregnancy.
    • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasingly referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by medical professionals.
      By: Syda Productions
      Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasingly referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by medical professionals.
    • Most people infected with chlamydia never show symptoms of the infection.
      By: rilueda
      Most people infected with chlamydia never show symptoms of the infection.
    • Condoms may offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
      By: Gajus
      Condoms may offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
    • In men, chlamydia affects the urethra, the tube that transports urine and semen to the tip of the penis.
      By: isyste
      In men, chlamydia affects the urethra, the tube that transports urine and semen to the tip of the penis.