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What is Ramipril?

Autumn Rivers
By
Updated May 17, 2024
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Ramipril is an ACE inhibitor that is typically used to treat high blood pressure, though it can also help prevent heart conditions and strokes in some patients. This is because of its ability to relax the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily. It is dangerous for pregnant women to take, and also for those who regularly drink alcohol or take potassium supplements. Mild side effects usually include fatigue, headaches, dizziness, and nausea, while serious negative effects range from a faint feeling to pale or yellow skin.

This medication is typically taken either once or twice per day, depending on the doctor's orders. Dosages often change depending on the condition being treated, and most doctors tend to increase the dose over time. In general, patients being treated for myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure take more ramipril than those being treated for hypertension. The tablet should be swallowed whole, but it may also be opened up so that the contents can be sprinkled over applesauce for patients who have trouble swallowing pills. Taking more than the recommended amount can lead to overdose, which features symptoms such as dizziness and fainting.

Ramipril is considered a pregnancy category D drug, which means that it is dangerous when taken by a pregnant woman, as it can lead to injury or even death to the fetus. Additionally, women are encouraged to use birth control to prevent pregnancy while on ramipril, and should not breastfeed during this time. Drinking alcohol while taking this treatment is often harmful since it can lower the blood pressure further, possibly resulting in a dangerously low level. Patients considering surgery usually need to stop taking ramipril until afterward, and should mention to their surgeon that they have been taking it.

Some experience dehydration while taking this drug, especially if they have diarrhea or vomiting as side effects. Other effects may include drowsiness, headaches, a cough, and dizziness. More serious side effects may also occur in some patients taking ramipril, such as chest pain, yellow eyes or skin, extreme thirst, or confusion, among others. Some patients may also find that they suddenly bruise or bleed more easily than usual, have dark urine, pale skin, or an overall feeling of weakness in the body. Anyone who notices these side effects is encouraged to contact their doctor right away.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Autumn Rivers
By Autumn Rivers
Autumn Rivers, a talented writer for WiseGeek, holds a B.A. in Journalism from Arizona State University. Her background in journalism helps her create well-researched and engaging content, providing readers with valuable insights and information on a variety of subjects.

Discussion Comments

By anon323781 — On Mar 06, 2013

I take Ramipril as I had a heart attack four years ago. Do I need to stop taking it since I am going in for eyelid surgery in a week?

Autumn Rivers

Autumn Rivers

Autumn Rivers, a talented writer for WiseGeek, holds a B.A. in Journalism from Arizona State University. Her background in journalism helps her create well-researched and engaging content, providing readers with valuable insights and information on a variety of subjects.
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