We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Pigmentary Glaucoma?

By Steve R.
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Pigmentary glaucoma is a rare form of glaucoma that occurs when the pigment layer of the eye rubs against the lens, forcing the pigment to move into the aqueous humor. This leads to fluid buildup, which puts pressure on the optic nerve, and can lead to blindness if it is not detected and treated in its early stages. Once pigmentary glaucoma sets in, the disease develops quickly. Treatment often includes eyedrops, medications, and surgical procedures.

Some individuals with pigmentary glaucoma don't experience any symptoms. Some people, however, may complain of blurred vision and seeing colored halos surrounding lights after rigorous exercise. Other symptoms are in line with those experienced by glaucoma patients, including a decrease in peripheral vision and extreme eye pain. In addition, the eyes may appear red and water excessively.

Another symptom of pigmentary glaucoma includes Krukenberg's Spindle. Krukenberg Spindle's is a thin, vertical band of pigments that accumulate on the cornea. This buildup is caused by pieces of pigment from the back of the iris. Transillumination defect of the iris is another indication of the eye condition. This defect of the iris results in a pigment loss on the iris, and the pigment is improperly scattered throughout the eye.

Caucasian men are prone to pigmentary glaucoma than women, and men also usually need more radical medical attention treatment, including surgical procedures, to treat the disease. In addition, the disease often affects people who are nearsighted, and generally strikes people in their 20s, 30s, and 40s. Those who participate in hearty exercise, such as running and playing basketball, also may be susceptible to this form of glaucoma, as rigorous exercise produces more pigment to be discharged from the iris, preventing eye drainage.

Prescribed eyedrops used in treating pigmentary glaucoma have minimal side effects and are easy to use. Other medication, called miotics, may also be used in treatment. Miotics cause the pupils to become smaller, which helps to reduce the amount of pigment that is released. Miotics do, however, often have side effects, such as causing blurred vision.

In some instances, laser treatment may be used in treatment. Argo laser trabeculoplasty involves using a laser to increase the fluid flow into the eye, which helps to lower eye pressure. While this treatment works initially, often times patients will report a feeling of pressure on their eye years down the road.

Another treatment option is trabeculectomy. This outpatient procedure that takes less than 60 minutes helps to drain the aqueous humor. A small flap is made in the white of the eye, allowing for the aqueous humor to be absorbed into surrounding blood vessels.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.