A mandibular augmentation is a type of plastic surgery performed on the mandible, or jaw. This surgery can create a more distinct or masculine jaw line. During this procedure, a surgeon makes an incision in a patient's jaw, and usually inserts an implant. The incisions are then stitched closed. Pain, swelling, and bruising are usually quite common afterward. A patient should also be careful about what he eats for a few weeks.
Also known as jaw augmentation, mandibular augmentation is a jaw line enhancement surgery. It can be used to make certain areas of the jaw line more prominent. The curve of the jaw underneath the ear and the chin are commonly enhanced during this procedure.
A person may opt to have a mandibular augmentation for a few reasons. This procedure will usually help create a much more prominent and stronger jaw line, which most men desire. In some cases, it can also be used to even out facial features. Individuals who have had an injury in this area, for instance, may opt to have this procedure to make their faces more symmetrical.
A complete medical examination, including blood testing, is done before a mandibular augmentation to ensure that the patient is in good health. The blood tests will show whether a patient has any diseases. Patients who are going to undergo this procedure are also strongly encouraged to quit smoking, since this can prevent them from healing properly.
Patients are usually under local anesthesia during this procedure. Sedatives are also used. Their vital signs, like blood pressure and heart rate, are also monitored. An intravenous saline drip is also used to keep patients hydrated.
Surgeons will usually make a series of marks on the outside of a patient's jaw before beginning a mandibular augmentation. These marks serve as guidelines for where the implants will be placed. Incisions are then made, either on the inside of the mouth or on the outside of the jaw. With a little maneuvering, the mandibular implants, which are often made from silicon, are then worked into place. These are sometimes held in place by either dissolving stitches or screws.
Stitches are then used to close the incisions. The entire procedure will take less than two hours in most cases. If there is extensive work to be done, however, it could take longer.
Mandibular augmentation recovery will usually involve some pain and swelling in the area. It is often very painful to eat, at least for the first week. Bruising may also occur along the jaw.
At home, a patient is usually advised to rest with his head elevated on pillows. He should also gargle with either salt water or mouthwash. Since eating after a mandibular augmentation is usually painful, a diet of soft, bland foods is usually necessary. To help prevent infection, it is also important that all fruits and vegetables are washed thoroughly prior to consumption.