We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is Keratitis Sicca?

By Stephany Seipel
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Keratitis sicca, or dry eye syndrome, is a condition that occurs when not enough tears are produced to keep the eyes healthy or when the tears dry too quickly to adequately lubricate the eyes. It rarely causes permanent vision loss but can make day-to-day activities uncomfortable. The treatment options vary depending on the patient.

People who have keratitis sicca experience a range of symptoms. Many people have red, itchy or burning eyes or feel the presence of a foreign body on the surface of the eye. Some individuals become sensitive to light. Severe dryness of the eyes can cause thickening of the corneas, corneal ulceration or eye infections.

The symptoms often worsen as the day progresses. People who have this condition might be especially uncomfortable when watching television, reading or using a computer, because they do not blink as often when participating in these activities. Spending time in dry or dusty places can also exacerbate the symptoms of keratitis sicca. The symptoms are less severe in humid or damp environments.

Keratitis sicca is commonly associated with autoimmune diseases such as lupus erythematosus, Sjogren syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis, and it is more common in women than in men. Certain medications such as antihistamines and anti-anxiety drugs can temporarily cause dry eye syndrome. Older individuals develop dry eyes more often than younger people.

An eye doctor can diagnose keratitis sicca by performing a Schirmer test. He or she places a special piece of paper below the bottom eyelid to measure how many tears are produced within a given time period. The doctor might also use a slit lamp test, during which he or she examines the inside of the eye for damage using a specialized microscope and a high-powered light.

There was no cure for keratitis sicca as of early 2011. Doctors focus on alleviating the symptoms by prescribing artificial tears, which are eyedrops that lubricate the surface of the eye. Patients use the drops every few hours or as needed to keep the eyes moistened.

Some medications, such as cyclosporine and corticosteroids, lessen the symptoms of redness and inflammation in patients who have dry eyes. Doctors might also recommend surgery in severe cases. The eyelids might be partially sewn together if dryness is severe enough to cause permanent damage to the eyes.

People who develop keratitis sicca because of a more serious disorder such as Sjogren syndrome might need intensive therapy. Most patients develop only mild or moderate dry eyes. Their symptoms can be treated effectively with drug therapy or eyedrops.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.