Disc extrusion treatment options vary according to the severity of the condition and the presence of specific symptoms. Over-the-counter or prescription pain medications are often used to treat the back pain caused by bulging discs, especially in the beginning stages of the condition. Some people may benefit from alternative treatment methods, such as acupuncture, chiropractic care, or yoga, but more invasive disc extrusion treatment methods, such as spinal injections or surgical intervention, may be needed in more severe cases. A doctor should be consulted with any questions concerning the most appropriate disc extrusion treatment options for an individual situation.
Pain medications are often used as a first step in disc extrusion treatment. Over the counter pain relievers such as aspirin or ibuprofen may help to relieve discomfort and reduce inflammation caused by damage to the discs of the spine or compression of the surrounding nerves. Prescription medications are sometimes prescribed if over the counter drugs do not provide sufficient relief.
Acupuncture is a popular disc extrusion treatment method and involves the insertion of small needles into the skin in the spinal region of the body. This alternative form of treatment is said to provide pain relief by helping to balance the body's natural energies. Yoga is a form of gentle exercise that also incorporates deep breathing exercises and relaxation techniques and that may help to strengthen the muscles of the back. Chiropractic care can be sought, but a doctor should be consulted first to make sure that this is a safe option for the individual patient.
Spinal injections may used to control pain during disc extrusion treatment if other forms of pain management have not been successful. Steroid drugs and certain types of local anesthesia are often administered to combat severe or debilitating pain. These injections usually have to be repeated on a periodic basis and are used in an attempt to prevent or delay the need for surgical intervention.
When all other options have been exhausted or when it becomes impossible for the patient to function normally, surgical intervention is the ultimate step in disc extrusion treatment. There are several techniques available, ranging from minimally invasive to major surgery. Endoscopic surgery is among the least invasive surgical options and involves the use of a small incision and the insertion of several tubes through which the spinal damage is repaired. Spinal fusion surgery is much more complicated and requires a large incision and the use of bone grafts or synthetic hardware to stabilize the affected discs.