We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is Hydroxocobalamin?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Hydroxocobalamin is a type of synthetic vitamin B-12 that is delivered in the form of an injection into a muscle. This type of medication is used to treat conditions such as B-12 deficiency and pernicious anemia. Depending on factors such as the condition being treated, the overall health of the patient, and the personal preferences of the patient, hydroxocobalamin may be administered at home by the patient or caregiver, or it may be given in a medical facility by a doctor or nurse. Side effects of this medication may include pain or itching at the site of the injection, body swelling, or diarrhea. Any questions or concerns about the use of hydroxocobalamin on an individual basis should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.

Vitamin B-12 is essential for the proper functioning of the central nervous system and brain. This vitamin, also referred to as cobalamin, plays an important role in blood formation as well. When the body is not receiving enough vitamin B-12 through dietary channels or if the body has trouble absorbing this nutrient, hydroxocobalamin treatment may become necessary.

A form of anemia known as pernicious anemia is a common reason for receiving hydroxocobalamin injections. In this form of anemia, the body cannot properly absorb vitamin B-12, necessitating the need for mega-dosing of this vitamin. It is not uncommon for the person with this condition to be advised to take oral B-12 supplements while undergoing treatment with hydroxocobalamin. Autoimmune disorders, previous surgical procedures, and nutritional deficiencies are additional reasons that this injection may be given.

Pain or itching at the injection site are the most commonly reported side effects of using hydroxocobalamin. These symptoms typically go away within a few hours of treatment and do not pose any significant health risks. An overall feeling of body swelling may occur as well, although this symptom is normally short-lived. Mild to moderate diarrhea may occur for several hours following treatment. If any of these symptoms become particularly bothersome or if other symptoms develop, a doctor should be consulted for advice.

Occasionally, a potentially life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis may occur after using hydroxocobalamin, even if this injection has been well tolerated in the past. Symptoms may include a rash, hives, and difficulty breathing. These symptoms should be treated as a medical emergency, as death can occur within minutes when the body is deprived of oxygen.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.