Fluorometholone is a type of steroid medication that is used to treat various types of eye inflammation. This medication requires a prescription and is packaged in the form of an eye drop, which should be used exactly as prescribed. Possible side effects of fluorometholone include eye irritation, visual disturbances, or the development of a secondary infection. More serious potential complications include cataracts, glaucoma, or pain behind the eye. Any specific questions concerning the proper use of fluorometholone in an individual situation should be discussed with a doctor or pharmacist.
Eye inflammation can be caused by factors such as traumatic injury, infections, or surgical procedures involving one or both eyes. Fluorometholone eye drops may sometimes be prescribed to reduce the swelling and irritation caused by these issues. Oral or topical antibiotics may also be used in the case of infection. The directions given by the prescribing physician or listed on the packaging should be followed closely. Questions regarding the proper way to use the eye drops can be directed to the pharmacist when the prescription is filled.
Side effects of fluorometholone are usually mild and temporary. A slight burning or stinging sensation may occur for a few seconds or minutes after applying the eye drops, especially if an infection or open wound is present. Increased sensitivity to light is a common side effect of this medication, and some patients may notice symptom improvement by wearing sunglasses both indoors and outdoors. If these symptoms persist or become particularly bothersome, the eye doctor should be contacted for further evaluation.
Serious side effects of fluorometholone are relatively uncommon but may include temporary or permanent vision loss. Glaucoma is a medical condition that causes a buildup of fluid and pressure behind the eye and may develop as a result of using this medication. Cataracts cause the lens of the eyes to become cloudy and can greatly impair eyesight. Sudden or severe pain behind one or both eyes could indicate the development of severe complications and should be reported to a doctor right away.
Occasionally, a person may develop an allergic reaction when using fluorometholone, even if this drug has been well tolerated in the past. Extreme eye pain, blistering of the skin, or an unusual discharge from the eye should prompt immediate medical attention. Chest pain, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the tongue or throat may indicate the development of a potentially fatal type of allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis.