We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is DNA Transcription?

By W. Joyner
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) transcription is the process by which DNA inside cells in the human body are converted into ribonucleic acid (RNA) in order to create genes and produce proteins. DNA transcription occurs when an enzyme known as RNA polymerase unzips the double-stranded DNA molecule by breaking down the bonds between connecting nucleotides, the molecules that form the basis of DNA and RNA. Once the DNA is unzipped, RNA nucleotides join up with their complementary DNA nitrogenous bases to form a long strand of RNA. The RNA polymerase then helps to form a sugar-phosphate backbone that links all the RNA bases together. Upon completion of the RNA strand, it is released from the DNA molecule, and the process of transcription is accomplished.

RNA is very similar to DNA, except that it consists of a single strand and not a double strand. It also has a slightly different molecular structure in that it contains uracil, a nitrogen-based compound that is a part of live tissue. On the other hand, DNA contains thymine, a compound that consists of nitrogen and carbon. The process by which the code for a specific protein is transferred from DNA to RNA is known as DNA transcription.

Once DNA transcription has taken place, a new protein can be created through the process of DNA translation. In translation, the newly formed RNA strand pairs up with complementary bases to create a code for producing a protein. This code serves as a type of instruction manual and can then be used by ribosomes inside the cell to begin assembling a protein.

DNA is comprised of sections known as nucleotides, which consist of a nitrogenous base, a sugar molecule, and a phosphate group. These nucleotides join up to each other and spiral around each other to form a double helix. There are only four nitrogenous bases that can make up DNA, and they can connect only in a very specific way — adenine can bind to guanine, and cytosine can only bind to thymine.

Considered to be a genetic blueprint, DNA contains all the genetic material that makes each individual unique. The role of genes in the DNA transcription process is to provide the instructions needed to produce all the proteins in each cell that allow that cell to perform its function. DNA is located in a cell’s nucleus, the central part of the cell. The nucleus is considered the control center of the cell. By controlling each cellular function, DNA also controls the structure and function of the body as a whole, because every individual is made up of cells.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.