We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.
Conditions

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

What is Biliary Colic?

Mary McMahon
By
Updated: May 17, 2024

Biliary colic is the most common symptom of gallbladder disease, appearing in over three quarters of patients who develop symptoms. It takes the form of an upper abdominal pain which can last for half an hour or more, with some patients experiencing up to five hours of usually steadily increasing pain. In fact, the term “colic” is a bit of a misnomer, because colic is a pain which waxes and wanes, rather than remaining consistent.

This symptom occurs when the bile ducts are blocked suddenly by a gallstone. Fluid starts to back up into the duct or gallbladder, causing distension and pain, and the duct also contracts violently in an attempt to push the gallstone out. The pain will persist until the gallstone is cleared. Typically, this type of colic has its onset in the wake of a meal, as the liver is triggered to produce more bile. Once someone experiences an episode of biliary colic, he or she is likely to do so again, because the symptom indicates that gallstones are forming.

Someone with biliary colic may experience nausea, vomiting, cramping, and chest pain. The pain from the gallbladder attack, as biliary colic is sometimes called, can radiate into other areas of the body. Because several conditions can cause similar symptoms, a doctor will usually examine and interview the patient carefully to confirm that the symptom really is biliary colic, and that it is really being caused by gallstones.

Treatment approaches usually start with management of gallstones. The patient may be given dietary recommendations which are designed to cut down on gallstones, and medications can be given to help break up the gallstones. Other medical treatments may also be utilized in an attempt to break up the gallstones so that they can be passed by the body.

If biliary colic recurs or becomes more severe, it may be necessary for the patient to have a cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder. In this procedure, which is usually performed laparoscopically, the surgeon takes out the gallbladder so that it can no longer form gallstones or be obstructed. In the wake of a gallbladder removal, the patient may need to make some changes to his or her diet, as the lack of a gallbladder makes it more difficult to digest fats.

Abdominal pain can be a tricky and complicated symptom, as it can move around or its origins can be unclear. Patients should understand that it can take some time to narrow down and confirm the cause of abdominal pain, even though the interviews and tests may seem frustrating and time consuming. Doctors want to make sure they are diagnosing the problem correctly so that pain will be minimized in the long term.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WiseGeek researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
Share
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.