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A cerebral palsy school is an institution designed to cater to the learning needs of children or adults with cerebral palsy. Those who are born with the condition often have learning disabilities, physical limitations, and speech impairments which require special consideration. It may be difficult or impossible for these individuals to function and excel in a traditional school setting. Schools designed for students with cerebral palsy generally have special education classes with teachers trained in instructing students with learning difficulties, architectural designs tailored to accommodate students with physical challenges, and special activities designed to help students learn. There may also be schools available for adults to help assist them with learning skills needed in day to day life, such as grooming and household chores.
The most common type of cerebral palsy school is a learning center for children with the condition. Although some public schools have special education classes, specialized institutions often have more accommodations and options for them. For instance, many children with cerebral palsy are wheelchair bound or use walking canes or crutches. Schools designed for them often feature wider hallways, ramps leading to entrances, and larger bathroom stalls.
Students attending a cerebral palsy school also generally receive specialized learning activities and classes tailored to their level of understanding. There are a range of intelligence levels amongst children with this condition, and in schools designed for them the teachers are trained to teach those who learn at all levels. Separate classes may be set up for younger or less progressed students and those who have fewer learning delays.
Speech therapy is also generally a big part of any cerebral palsy school. This condition often causes impaired speech due to mental challenges and lack of muscle tone in the mouth and jaw. Trained therapists help students with exercises designed to strengthen these muscles, as well as with word pronunciation and clear speech.
In many cases, there is a tuition for students to attend a cerebral palsy school. They are usually not publicly funded, and thus rely on the contributions of parents and caretakers to operate. Sometimes, insurance may help cover the costs of tuition and fees since proper therapy and learning opportunities are an important part of effective treatment. Scholarships or grants may also be available to some students.
Another type of cerebral palsy school is designed to offer therapy and training to adults. Students may learn common tasks needed for self sufficiency, such as buying groceries or using a dishwasher. They may also be given job training so they can live as independently as possible.