We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Are the Treatments for an Allergic Reaction to Peanuts?

By S. Berger
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

About four percent of people in the world have a peanut allergy. The allergic reaction to peanuts is caused by the immune system mistaking certain molecules found in this legume for an invading organism, and mounting a response. Most treatments for this reaction involve either dampening the immune response, or avoiding peanut-containing products.

Optimal treatments for an allergic reaction to peanuts often depend on the severity of the reaction. Mild allergies may only require taking an antihistamine afterward, which is a drug that decreases a component of the immune response. Antihistamines are widely available, and include diphenhydramine. These drugs are sufficient to diminish symptoms like itching, rashes, running nose, and sneezing.

In the event of a more severe allergic reaction to peanuts, a stronger medication may be needed. The drug of choice to prevent extreme reactions like trouble breathing or anaphylactic shock is epinephrine. Epinephrine is administered in an injection form, and may be taken with an antihistamine. Monitoring by a medical professional may be required, since severe allergic symptoms can reappear hours later, after the effects of the medication have worn off.

To ensure that a sensitive individual can always receive treatment for an allergic reaction to peanuts, a few precautions should be followed. The person should wear a medical alert necklace or bracelet that identifies the allergy clearly. They should also have an epinephrine injection pen, and a phone to contact medical personnel. Allergies may suddenly increase in severity, so even individuals that have seemingly mild reactions to peanuts should follow these precautions.

The best way to deal with an allergic reaction to peanuts is to avoid them altogether. This may require effort to determine which foods and products are made with peanuts so that all contact can be avoided. Even foods prepared in the same areas or factories as peanuts may not be consumed by an individual with an allergy.

Food allergies can result in major sensitivities that require caution. For some people that are allergic to peanuts, even breathing dust that contains molecules from peanuts can trigger an allergic reaction. In cases of severe reactions, eating a peanut can be fatal, so close attention must be paid to the contents of one's food.

Studies are being performed that use desensitization to treat peanut allergies. Desensitization involves slowly increasing an individual's exposure to peanuts over time. Such treatments are still in the experimental phase, however, and should not be attempted without a doctor's supervision.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.