The signs or symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include water weight gain and bloating, irritability, and mood swings. Other signs of PMS are headache, tenderness of the breasts, and tiredness. Symptoms can vary with age and not every women who has PMS will experience all of the same symptoms.
Teenagers who are experiencing signs of PMS may withdraw from social activities, or fall behind in schoolwork. This may be due to an inability to concentrate and stay focused. Another symptom may be anger or aggressiveness and an inability to get along with friends or siblings. In more extreme cases of premenstrual syndrome, the individual may become sad and depressed or even suicidal.
Other signs of PMS are unexplained food cravings. Sweets or salty foods are typically the foods that tend to be craved the most during PMS. This could be due in part to hormonal imbalances during ovulation. Some women may find that they are gaining weight due to eating more high-caloric foods during their monthly cycle.
Acne-related skin problems can often be associated with premenstrual syndrome. This can be due to excessive oil secretion during the menstrual cycle. Hair may also become excessively oily. Often the flare-up or breakout with decrease or diminish as the woman's monthly cycle has completed.
Some women may experience heart palpitations as a result of PMS. The symptoms may include a rapid or irregular heartbeat. This irregularity in the heart rhythm may be accompanied by sweating. Typically, these symptoms manifest in later years, and affect middle-aged women more so than young girls and teenagers.
More common signs of PMS are abdominal or pelvic cramps that can be very uncomfortable. In some individuals, the cramping can become so severe that it disrupts daily activities. The discomfort accounts for missed school and work days and can be serious enough to warrant a visit to the physician's office.
Sleeplessness and insomnia can be related to premenstrual syndrome. The individual may feel more agitated or restless during this time, disrupting her natural sleep patterns. Some experts recommend daily routine exercise to combat insomnia associated with PMS.
There are over-the-counter remedies to alleviate PMS symptoms. These medications may help with bloating and cramps. When signs of PMS seem to be uncontrollable or interfere with a woman's life, she may find relief from prescription medications. Medications in conjunction with exercise and a nutritional diet is often recommended to reduce PMS symptoms.