We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Most Common Vision Problems?

By Christina Edwards
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

There are a number of recognized vision problems, caused by a number of different things. The most common conditions are usually due to a misshapen eyeball or aging eyes, and they are often easily corrected. Astigmatism, myopia, hyperopia, presbyopia, glaucoma, and cataracts are some of the more common vision problems.

An astigmatism is one of the most common vision problems, and some ophthalmologists estimate that just about everyone has an astigmatism to some extent. This eye disorder is characterized by an irregularly shaped cornea. Because of this, the light that passes through the cornea does not hit the retina correctly. Instead of focusing on it directly, as it should, rays of light focus on a few different spots, causing certain parts of an image to be out of focus.

Myopia is another of the more common vision problems, and is usually referred to as nearsightedness. When a person's eyeball shape is longer than it should be, rays of light that go through the cornea focus slightly in front of the retina. This condition makes objects and images that are far away appear blurry, while objects that are close up, such as words in a book, are clearer.

Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is basically the opposite. The eyeball is shorter than it should be, and rays of light focus just behind the retina. This often causes objects that are close up to appear blurry or out of focus, while far away objects are clear. This condition usually presents itself during childhood, but many people's eyes compensate for the problem, and usually, no treatment is necessary at a young age.

As people get older, though, hyperopia often develops into a problem referred to as presbyopia. Later in life, a person's eye becomes less able to compensate for hyperopia. The farsightedness that these people experience as a child could come back again.

Glaucoma is one of the most common vision problems people deal with as they age. When this eye problem occurs, the pressure of the fluid inside the eyeball begins to build up. Symptoms of this disorder include seeing halos around lights and tunnel vision. This increasing pressure can cause damage to the optic nerve, which relays messages to the brain. If this condition is not treated, it could result in partial or complete blindness.

Another eye disorder common in older people is a cataract. A cataract is a foggy or cloudy area that has developed on the natural lens of the eyeball. This area can block the rays of light that enter the eye and cause a number of vision problems, including blurry or cloudy vision, and sensitivity to light.

Almost all vision problems can be diagnosed after a thorough eye exam performed by an ophthalmologist. Treatment for astigmatism, myopia, hyperopia, and presbyopia usually includes some type of corrective lenses like eyeglasses or contacts. There has also been some success with certain types of surgery, such as laser surgery.

Mild cases of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops to relieve the intraocular pressure, but some patients may need surgery to correct the problem. Some cataracts may require no treatment at all, but if it is interfering with a patient's daily life, surgery may be recommended. During cataract surgery, the patient's natural lens is removed and replaced with a synthetic one.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.