An allergy is when a person's body negatively reacts to a substance that is harmless to most other people. The body treats the substance or allergen as an enemy and immediately takes steps to fight against it. Common allergies in children include pet dander, dust mites, certain foods, pollen, cockroaches, and molds.
Pet dander is a common allergy in children. When a pet licks itself, it transfers saliva to its feathers or fur. When the saliva dries, protein particles become airborne and attach themselves to upholstered furniture and fabrics. This causes allergy symptoms in people who are sensitive to this substance.
Dust mites are common allergies in children as well. These microscopic organisms lurk in carpets, bed sheets, and other areas around the home. They feast on millions of dead skin cells that humans shed on a daily basis. Many children and adults are allergic to these insects which are invisible to the naked eye.
Certain foods are also known to be the cause of common allergies in children. Foods such as peanuts, eggs, milk, wheat, soy, and seafood can cause adverse reactions in both children and adults. It's important that children are tested for possible food allergies in order to prevent serious health problems.
Pollen is tiny particles released into the air by grasses, weeds, and trees. This pollen is used to fertilize other plants, but wreaks havoc on many people's allergies. Nasal congestion, sneezing, and other unpleasant symptoms flare during the time of year when elevated pollen levels are present in the air.
Cockroaches cause allergies in children, especially those living in households located in urban areas. Children who live in apartment complexes that are infested with cockroaches often suffer from higher rates of asthma. The feces, saliva, and bodies of these particular insects are known to cause allergic reactions in children.
Mold can also be responsible for causing allergies in children. This type of organism grows in warm, moist environments. Rotting leaves, damp basements, bathrooms, the area beneath kitchen sinks, and other moist places can cause allergy symptoms to flare in both children and adults.
Children can be allergic to other substances as well. Bee and wasp stings, household cleaning products, and specific medications can all cause allergic reactions in children. Some of the reactions are quite serious, resulting in swelling, breathing difficulties, and other symptoms. If these reactions occur, the caregivers should immediately transport the child to the hospital emergency room.