We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Effects of Chlamydia?

By D. Jeffress
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Chlamydia is a common type of sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Many people who contract the bacteria do not experience any physical symptoms for several weeks after becoming infected. When symptoms do appear, they range from mild pain to unusual discharge from the reproductive organs. Long-term effects of chlamydia can include severe inflammation of the reproductive system, among others. Chlamydia can be prevented by abstaining from sexual intercourse or using a condom. When the condition is detected early, it can be effectively treated with antibiotics to prevent any permanent health problems.

The most common effects of chlamydia are burning urination and chronic abdominal pain. An individual may also experience a milky white or yellow discharge from the penis or vagina. Women may notice irregular spotting between periods and pain during sexual intercourse. A man's testicles may feel tender to the touch and swell slightly. It is important to realize that these symptoms are not present in all people with chlamydia; most people are asymptomatic for weeks or even months after being infected with the STD.

If chlamydia goes unnoticed and untreated, the infection can spread throughout the reproductive system. Potential effects of chlamydia in men include chronic testicular pain and inflammation, a condition known as epididymitis. The prostate gland can also become infected, leading to lower back pain, chills and fever. Discharge may become thicker and present a strong odor.

Women generally face a wider range of effects of chlamydia than men. In its later stages, the infection can reach the cervix and fallopian tubes, where it can cause irritation, pain and tissue scarring. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an uncommon but potentially fatal complication in which the entire reproductive system becomes severely inflamed. PID can cause irreversible scarring and organ damage that can lead to infertility and chronic pain.

The effects of chlamydia can be extended to an unborn baby if a pregnant woman carries the bacteria. PID and other complications can lead to an ectopic pregnancy, in which a fertilized egg cannot make its way down an inflamed fallopian tube to the womb. As the embryo begins to grow and develop, the mother can suffer from debilitating pain and bleeding. In almost all cases, the embryo must be surgically removed in order to prevent the mother's death.

Medical treatment is necessary to stop the spread of the bacteria and prevent lasting effects of chlamydia. Specialists can check for the bacteria by taking a sample of mucous from the penis or cervix using a cotton swap. After making a diagnosis, a doctor will prescribe a series of oral antibiotics. Medication usually eradicates chlamydia and completely relieves symptoms in one to two weeks. Since the condition is often asymptomatic, doctors generally recommend that sexually active people use contraceptives and be screened for diseases regularly to avoid complications.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.