There are several kinds of personal care for the elderly, depending on the amount or type of care the older person needs. A nursing home is a residential facility for those who have long-term or temporary health problems and need 24-hour care. Home care is for those who prefer not to leave their home and need help while they're terminally ill or recovering from a health issue. Assisted living facilities are for the elderly who don't need to be in a nursing home, but cannot stay home on their own. A retirement community is for those who are retired from working, but still live an active lifestyle.
A nursing home is a type of personal care for the elderly who need more care than they can receive at home, but can't or don't have to stay in a hospital. The majority of nursing homes have nursing aides on duty all hours of the day. They provide a variety of medical services including physical therapy, speech therapy, and special dietary services. Some patients stay for a short time while they get better, such as after a fall, while others stay there long term.
Another option for personal care for the elderly is at-home care. It's an ideal option for those who want to stay home when they are disabled or terminally ill or when they are recovering from a temporary health issue, such as a fall or an illness, and need frequent day-to-day help. They receive assistance with everything from bathing and cooking to therapy and cleaning.
Assisted living is an option of personal care for the elderly who can't stay home on their own but don't need to be in a hospital or nursing home. They live in a residential facility, which can be seen as an apartment complex for seniors. The residents live in their own apartment but receive help with services such as meals, laundry, cleaning and other types of personal care.
A retirement community is for active seniors who are retired from work, but who no longer want the responsibility and hassle of owning a home and being completely on their own. The communities typically have maintenance available for any problems that arise in the home or with the property. They also usually offer housekeeping, security, and even a shuttle that can take residents from place to place. Some also have the ability to purchase food from one or more on-site locations, or have it delivered right to their door. Retirement communities also have other amenities including swimming pools, social events, libraries, and fitness centers.