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What are the Different Types of Neuropathic Pain Treatment?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
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Neuropathic pain can sometimes be difficult to treat, and depending on the cause, it may get worse over time, leading to varying degrees of disability. Neuropathic pain treatment options depend on the severity of the symptoms as well as the overall health of the patient. Some of the more common neuropathic pain treatment methods include the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications, lifestyle modification, or surgical intervention. In some cases, physical therapy or psychological therapy may be used as well.

Medications are among the most common forms of neuropathic pain treatment. Over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen may provide adequate symptom relief in some people, although stronger pain medications, requiring a prescription from a doctor, are often needed. Topical pain patches may be used by patients who have severe or debilitating pain. Some medications that are typically prescribed for depression or seizure disorders have been found to be successful neuropathic pain treatment options for many patients.

A medical condition known as diabetes is a common cause of neuropathic pain. For these patients, the best form of neuropathic pain treatment is proper blood sugar management. This may involve dietary changes or the use of medications such as insulin.

Surgical intervention may occasionally be a necessary neuropathic pain treatment option. Surgical intervention often involves the implantation of a device that provides electrical stimulation as a method of pain control. Nerve block injections or surgery designed to intentionally damage a nerve so that it can no longer cause pain are other possible treatment choices.

Physical therapy may be recommended as a neuropathic pain treatment option. When the muscles of the body are strong and healthy, recovery from injury or illness is easier on the body. A physical therapist can help the patient develop an exercise routine designed for individual needs. Supportive devices such as walkers, canes, or wheelchairs may help the patient maintain independence if the symptoms become severe.

Psychological therapy or counseling may be another option for neuropathic pain treatment, especially if the pain is chronic or debilitating. It is often difficult to emotionally cope with chronic pain or illness, and therapy is often beneficial. Local support groups can help the patient to connect with others who understand the challenges faced by those with such potentially debilitating medical conditions. Family therapy may be helpful for some so that the caregivers can learn coping skills as well.

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