Often, a person with mouth ulcers won't need any specific type of treatment. In most cases, mouth ulcers go away on their own, but a person may choose to use home remedies to hasten healing and relieve pain. Often, these treatments include mouth washes, pain relievers, and ice application. An individual may also avoid spicy and salty foods in an effort to stay comfortable while he has mouth ulcers. For a severe, persistent, or frequent case of mouth ulcers, however, a person may see a doctor for medical mouth ulcer treatment.
One of the most common treatments for mouth ulcers is time. Many mouth ulcers heal without any outside help in about one to two weeks time. In the meantime, however, a person may have to deal with a painful or even embarrassing mouth ulcer. As such, many people try home remedies for relieving their discomfort.
Among the home remedies a person may use for mouth ulcer treatment are those intended to help a person feel better rather than making the ulcer go away. For example, a person with a mouth ulcer may use a solution of lukewarm water and salt to rinse. Some people also find it useful to rinse with an antiseptic mouth wash. An individual may also apply over-the-counter (OTC) gels designed for the topical treatment of mouth sores and pain. Ice and OTC pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and aspirin, may prove helpful as well.
There are also some things a person may wish to avoid during mouth ulcer treatment. A person may, for example, take steps to avoid spicy foods as well as those that have a high content of sugar. Avoiding salty foods may prove helpful as well. If an individual develops mouth ulcers because of nicotine gum, he may also benefit from using a patch or a spray instead. Stress often contributes to the development of mouth ulcers, so reducing stress levels may help a mouth ulcer heal faster and prevent new sores from developing.
In some cases, mouth ulcers are severe, develop frequently, or stick around much longer than expected. In such a case, a person may need to visit his doctor for mouth ulcer treatment. A doctor may prescribe medication that reduces inflammation and provides relief from pain. He may also prescribe medicated mouth wash that contains antibiotic treatment and antihistamines. Drugs that suppress the immune system, hormone treatments, and topical painkillers may help as well; sometimes doctors even prescribe vitamins if nutritional deficiencies are at fault.