We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Different Types of Medical Screening?

Tricia Christensen
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGEEK is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGEEK, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Frequently, medical screening applies to the administration of tests to people fitting a certain profile or possessing enhanced risk factors for a specific type of disease. These screenings may occur during routine doctor’s visits, or doctors may remind patients that it’s time to get tested for specific things. Tests may be advanced scans or they could be a series of questions, and they can look for a plethora of diseases, though each test may only focus on a specific area. Sometimes medical screening occurs outside of standard check-up purview and is instead done or offered by employers to make certain that those who work in areas with higher disease risk factors remain healthy.

Certain types of medical screening are done on specific age groups that have increased risk for a variety of illnesses. For instance, breast cancer screening, which may begin at midlife, involves mammograms to look for evidence of tumors. Depending on the agency recommending the screening, this might be done on a yearly basis. If a woman has additional risk factors for breast cancer, like its presence in close relatives or a family history of early breast cancer, the standard screening guidelines could be ignored and mammograms might begin sooner and be undertaken on a more regular basis. Note that both gender and age are taken into account, and genetics might be part of the decision on when to begin these screenings.

Age and other factors can be part of medical screening for cardiovascular disease, and testing can take various forms depending on degree of identified risk. Usually, blood tests and blood pressure tests are early methods of screening for higher heart attack risk factors. Presence of high blood cholesterol, evidence of diabetes and other present conditions could suggest recommending more extensive screening such as echocardiograms, stress tests, or even an angiogram.

Throughout childhood, children will be screened for a variety of conditions. Vision tests and hearing tests are performed at specific times to look for evidence of severe vision problems. Many optometrists and ophthalmologists recommend slightly more accurate tests with an eye doctor each year. Girls are screened for scoliosis in their early teens, and boys are often checked for presence of hernias. Some of these screens may be part of exams at school, and don’t even take place in a doctor’s office.

Sexually active young women are likely to experience different types of medical screening when they receive gynecological care. They may be checked for presence of sexually transmitted diseases, have pap smears to look for evidence of cervical cancer, and receive counseling on disease prevention, birth control options and immunizations designed to prevent contracting the human papillomavirus (HPV) that may cause some forms of cervical cancer.

In work environments where hazardous materials are routinely used, all workers or those having direct contact with these materials may undergo medical screening on a regular basis to make certain no one is getting higher a than acceptable exposure. In a similar vein, some companies have such high-risk types of employment that they regularly screen employees for drug use to make certain no employee is abusing drugs. In the latter example, such employees would likely be fired if they positive, but in the former, an employee testing positive for hazardous substances might be referred to a doctor, reassigned to an area where certain materials aren’t used, or given medical support, as needed.

WiseGEEK is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Tricia Christensen
By Tricia Christensen , Writer
With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a WiseGEEK contributor, Tricia Christensen is based in Northern California and brings a wealth of knowledge and passion to her writing. Her wide-ranging interests include reading, writing, medicine, art, film, history, politics, ethics, and religion, all of which she incorporates into her informative articles. Tricia is currently working on her first novel.

Discussion Comments

Tricia Christensen

Tricia Christensen


With a Literature degree from Sonoma State University and years of experience as a WiseGEEK contributor, Tricia...
Read more
WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGEEK, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.