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What are the Different Types of Garden Fence Panels?

By T. L. Childree
Updated May 17, 2024
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Garden fence panels are typically meant for security, privacy, or decoration. These panels are sold in several different styles and materials. The most common types of garden fence panels are constructed from wood. Various kinds of metal are also used to make garden fence panels. Vinyl is sometimes utilized to construct durable, maintenance-free fence panels.

Garden fence panels can be low, see-through structures that border the perimeter or a taller, non-transparent design that affords more privacy. These panels may also be installed as a decorative landscaping feature. Garden fence panels are typically constructed from all-weather materials that require little maintenance. Styles can range from simple geometric patterns to elaborate, ornate designs. These panels generally have a height of 4 (1.2 m) to 8 feet (2.4 m) and a width of 8 feet (2.4 m).

Wood is the most common material used for garden fence panels. Cedar and treated pine are usually the most durable wood variants. Wooden fences are typically less expensive than other materials, but require more frequent maintenance. Most wooden fence panels are 6 feet (1.8 m) high and 8 feet (2.4 m) wide, but other configurations are quite common. These fence panels may be stained or painted to compliment other landscape features.

There are several traditional styles of wooden fence panels including split rail, picket, and privacy. Split rail panels usually consist of two vertical posts with three horizontal cross members. Picket fence panels typically have rows of thin vertical strips with narrow spaces between them. Privacy garden fencing may consist of tightly spaced vertical boards or lattice panels. There can be many different variations among these basic styles.

Metals such as wrought iron and galvanized steel have been used for many years to make garden fence panels. Wrought iron panels are usually attractive, ornate structures and often utilize masonry columns for their posts. Galvanized steel is a rust-proof material that is typically used for chain-link fence panels. Aluminum has also become a common fence panel material and is sold in several prefabricated styles and colors. Metal is sometimes employed as a support structure for wooden privacy fences.

Vinyl has also been used for constructing garden fence panels in recent years. This material is quite durable and generally maintenance-free. Vinyl fence panels can be found in a wide variety of colors and finishes. These panels are usually prefabricated and patterned after common wood styles such as picket, privacy, and lattice. Vinyl fence panels are lightweight and typically designed for self-installation.

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Discussion Comments
By nextcorrea — On Jan 12, 2013

@vigilant - Great idea! I have been thinking of doing something similar. What kind of paint did you use?

By vigilant — On Jan 11, 2013

I bought some garden fence panels from my local home improvement store but they were so drab looking. Next to my vibrant garden they looked like a milky cup of coffee. So before I installed them I painted them bright pastel colors. It was an easy job and now they compliment the look of my garden rather than detract from it.

By chivebasil — On Jan 11, 2013
The nice thing about garden fences is that you can build them out of just about anything. If you have scrap lumber lying around your can rig something up. I have even seen people make fences of of string or glass bottles.

The point is really just to keep animals out, so anything that is reasonably sturdy and high enough will work. And since they are usually private, you do not need to worry about aesthetics so much.

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