Diabetic acidosis treatment depends on the severity of the condition and typically begins with stabilizing blood sugar levels with the use of insulin. Fluids and electrolytes may need to be replaced in a home or hospital setting. Antibiotics are frequently used as part of a diabetic acidosis treatment program, especially if the disorder is caused by an infection. Symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, and a fruity or sweet odor of the breath or urine should be evaluated by a medical professional, as this condition can be fatal if not treated right away. Questions or concerns about the most appropriate diabetic acidosis treatment in an individual situation should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone that helps to regulate glucose levels in the bloodstream. When there is an insufficient amount of insulin produced by the body or if this hormone is not utilized properly, insulin replacement may become necessary. Oral medications and injections can usually be taken at home and combined with dietary modification to help with insulin regulation, although this type of diabetic acidosis treatment may require intravenous administration in a hospital setting in more severe cases.
Most instances of diabetic acidosis require at least a brief hospital stay so that the medical team can make sure that the patient's health is stabilized. During hospitalization, fluid and electrolyte replacement is typically necessary. This form of diabetic acidosis treatment is introduced into the body intravenously. A small catheter known as an IV is inserted into a vein, usually in the arm or hand. Fluids and medications can then be delivered directly into the bloodstream, avoiding the need for multiple needle sticks.
While in the hospital, doctors will perform tests in an effort to determine the underlying cause of the condition so that it can be properly treated. Infections are among the most common contributing factors and require the use of antibiotic therapy. Anti-nausea medications are often needed, and additional drugs may be prescribed as necessary to treat any other symptoms that may develop.
Surgical intervention may be indicated as part of a diabetic acidosis treatment plan if severe complications arise as a result of the condition. Fluid may accumulate around the brain, sometimes requiring emergency brain surgery. The intestines may stop functioning properly, and some of the tissue may actually begin to die. Heart attack or stroke are possible if diabetic acidosis treatment is delayed and may be managed with medications or surgery as needed.