Experts believe early anorexia treatment is essential for a successful recovery. The various treatments may include therapy with a trained psychologist or psychiatrist, family or group counseling, and nutrition management rehabilitation. There are self-help programs as well, which are targeted to give the patient more control over her life. Programs for patients with eating disorders may include various techniques and advice from professionals. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required to ensure the patient in not in danger of serious complications.
The first step to recovery is finding an effective anorexia treatment program that the patient will strictly adhere to. Some patients face the risk of failure due to involvement in a program that simply does not work. Psychotherapy with a trained professional may help the individual discover her weaknesses and what is behind the behavior patterns leading to self destruction.
In therapy, the counselor will try to discover a perspective of the patient's self image and how this visualization reflects upon unhealthy eating patterns. Many anorexia nervosa patients view themselves as being overweight. In an attempt to lose weight, the individual may develop eating habits which lead to the unhealthy effects of this condition. A psychologist will often work with a nutritionist to uncover the problem and help find a solution.
If the patient is a child or teenager, the parents may be instructed to oversee that a nutritional diet is adhered to. Nutritional supplements for optimal health may typically be incorporated into the diet. If necessary, medication may also be prescribed.
A complete physical examination will typically be taken to determine if any life-threatening or detrimental effects are present. In some cases, a cardiologist may be called in, if the physician detects unusual heart rhythms or damage. Blood work may also be conducted to determine other crucial aspects of the patient's condition.
In most cases, a dietitian will play an integral role in anorexia treatment. Helping the patient to make correct food choices for caloric intake and proper nutrition will be implemented. In addition, the nutritional expert will offer advice and educational instruction to help the patient gain better knowledge of her requirements to lead a healthier lifestyle.
Support groups are often recommended as a vital part of anorexia treatment. In many cases, interaction with others who share similar experiences can prove to have a positive effect in the recovery process. In addition to support groups, siblings and parents will often be encouraged to become involved in the support process.