We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What are the Different Trigeminal Neuralgia Symptoms?

Mary McMahon
Updated May 17, 2024
Our promise to you
WiseGeek is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WiseGeek, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Trigeminal neuralgia symptoms are characterized by periods of intense shooting pain in the face, most commonly along the right side. Other symptoms can be observed as well, and in patients with atypical trigeminal neuralgia, instead of being shooting, the pain will be throbbing, dull, and continuous. People who notice trigeminal neuralgia symptoms should consult a neurologist for diagnosis and treatment. There are treatment options available to control the pain and discomfort, although a patient may need to pursue several regimens to find one that works.

This neurological condition is caused by a blood vessel that presses on the trigeminal nerve, one of the major facial nerves. The trigeminal nerve relays sensory information to the brain from the face. When a blood vessel presses on the nerve for an extended period of time, it erodes the protective myelin sheath covering the nerve and the nerve begins to fire random pain signals. People with trigeminal neuralgia are typically older adults.

The shooting pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia is usually accompanied by involuntary muscle movements. The pain can repeat several times and be followed by a pain-free period that varies in length. Trigeminal neuralgia symptoms typically cluster together more over time, with fewer pain-free periods between attacks. This is a result of ongoing damage to the myelin and further erosion of the nerve's function.

Attacks usually occur in response to a stimulus. Any sensation on the face can trigger the sharp pain of trigeminal neuralgia, from going outside in a brisk breeze to putting on a pair of glasses. Patients who experience trigeminal neuralgia symptoms may start avoiding daily activities out of concern that they will experience attacks. Sometimes attacks strike randomly, with no known stimulus. Like other pain conditions, this condition can be associated with severe depression, and some patients develop suicidal thoughts because of the pain.

Treatments for trigeminal neuralgia include an assortment of medications to control the attacks and blunt the pain, as well as surgery for some patients. A neurologist can discuss the various available options, as well as their potential costs and benefits to help a patient reach a decision about treatment. There are also complementary therapies available, including biofeedback, acupuncture, and other treatments. These therapies can be undertaken simultaneously with conventional medical therapies to approach the trigeminal neuralgia from several directions. Patients who experience emotional disturbances in addition to trigeminal neuralgia symptoms may also want to consider psychiatric treatment to help them address their emotions.

WiseGeek is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WiseGeek researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WiseGeek, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.