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What Are the Different Treatments for Central Nervous System Dysfunction?

By Meshell Powell
Updated May 17, 2024
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Central nervous system dysfunction can cause a wide variety of symptoms, depending on the individual disorder as well as the overall health of the patient. Some of the most common symptoms associated with problems relating to the central nervous system include pain, tremors, and memory loss. Stress may cause many of these symptoms to become worse, so stress management is an important part of treatment for central nervous system dysfunction. Additional treatment methods may include the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications, physical therapy, or counseling. A person who is diagnosed with any type of central nervous system dysfunction should carefully follow the individualized treatment plan designed by the supervising physician.

Pain is by far the most frequently reported symptom of central nervous system dysfunction, and there are various treatment options available to help reduce this pain, allowing the patient to function as normally as possible. Over-the-counter pain relievers are often helpful in treating mild to moderate pain, although stronger medications may need to be prescribed in more severe cases. Additional medications that have been shown to decrease pain in some situations include anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants. Physical therapy may be recommended for those who struggle with mobility issues associated with central nervous system dysfunction.

Some forms of central nervous system dysfunction, such as Parkinson's disease or cerebral palsy, may cause uncontrollable tremors. There are several prescription medications designed to help reduce these tremors so that the patient can perform daily tasks more efficiently. These medication classes include dopamine-like medications, anticonvulsants, and anticholinergic drugs. Depending on the exact cause of the tremors, periodic injections of botulinum toxin may also be used.

Memory loss can be an issue among those with forms of central nervous system dysfunction such as Alzheimer's disease. Prescription medications and nutritional supplements can sometimes delay the onset of this symptom or prevent it from becoming worse. Psychological therapy or counseling for both the patient and family can often provide resources and coping skills needed when facing such a disorder.

Emotional stress causes a release of hormones that may cause some symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction to worsen. Relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation may help to reduce chronic stress and prevent an exacerbation of symptoms. Nutritional supplements such as licorice root or St. John's wort may help to relieve stress, although a doctor should be consulted before using any herbal treatments due to possible interactions with other medications.

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Discussion Comments

By anon336680 — On May 30, 2013

An acquaintance of mine came down with permanent Parkinson's like tremors from taking St John's Wort. Be aware and take this seriously.

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