Problems with the circulatory system may develop if the heart or blood vessels are not able to function properly. Some of the most common problems include high blood pressure, angina, or peripheral artery disease. Additional problems with the circulatory system may include low blood pressure, atherosclerosis, or arrhythmia. Cardiomyopathy, mitral valve prolapse, and congestive heart failure also affect this system of the body. Any specific questions or concerns about potential problems with the circulatory system should be discussed with a doctor or other medical professional.
Hypertension and hypotension are among the most common problems with the circulatory system. Hypertension is a medical term used to describe high blood pressure levels, while hypotension refers to lowered blood pressure levels. High blood pressure can be caused by medical issues such as kidney disease, the use of certain medications, or birth defects affecting the structure of the blood vessels. Low blood pressure may be caused by factors such as nutritional deficiencies, allergic reactions, or a type of blood infection known as septicemia.
Atherosclerosis and arrhythmia are potential problems with the circulatory system that may develop. Characterized by an unhealthy buildup of plaque along the walls of the arteries, atherosclerosis can eventually lead to more serious medical issues, such as stroke or heart attack. Arrhythmia refers to the presence of an irregular heartbeat and may occur when the electrical system of the heart does not function properly.
Angina and mitral valve prolapse are additional types of problems with the circulatory system. When the oxygen supply to the heart is not sufficient, blood cannot circulate properly through the heart, sometimes leading to a type of chest pain known as angina. Mitral valve prolapse is a cardiac condition marked by an inability of one of the valves in the heart to open and close properly.
Peripheral artery disease prevents the legs from receiving an adequate blood supply, often leading to pain and numbness of the affected limbs. Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease that causes the heart muscle to become enlarged and weakened, sometimes leading to potentially life-threatening complications. Congestive heart failure is a condition that causes the heart to slowly lose the ability to effectively pump blood throughout the body and may eventually lead to the necessity of a heart transplant. Many of the initial symptoms of various types of problems with the circulatory system are similar to one another, so it is vital to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and an individualized treatment plan.